Article thumbnail

Security, Conflict, and Reintegration in Mozambique: Case Studies of Land Access in the Postwar Period

By Gregory W. Myers, Julieta Eliseu and Erasmo Nhachungue

Abstract

In October 1992, the Peace Accord was signed in Mozambique. Many positive changes have taken place since then. and the countryside in postwar Mozambique is in a state of intense transformation. Nevertheless, the government has been largely silent on the issue of land tenure reform, while some of the recommendations regarding land-policy reform that have been proposed are simplistic, uninformed, and fail to reflect the present political reality in Mozambique. This report shows the need to initiate a comprehensive discussion on land policy reform, natural resource management, and decentralized control over resources. The discussion must address fundamental questions about what types of land rights will exist or, more specifically, what types of property rights will be permitted; who will have the power to distribute land rights; and how and by whom land disputes will be settled. At the heart of these questions lie profound issues relating to the role and nature of the state and other political institutions, the relationships of these institutions with the citizens, and the form and nature of governance in Mozambique. In this report we will raise several concerns with regard to land that we hope will help policymakers in Mozambique define the parameters of this discussion.Land Economics/Use,

OAI identifier:
Downloaded from http://purl.umn.edu/12746

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1990). (Unidade de Reconstrução das Empresas Agrárias).
  2. (1993). 0 Direito a Terra: A Minha Opinião."
  3. (1987). 0 Direito Costumeiro Africano na Legislação Portuguesa (1954-1975)." Revista de Estudo Político
  4. (1990). 0 Povo Yão-Subsidios para o Estudo de urn Povo do Noroeste de Moçambique."
  5. (1935). 0 Regime de Concessão de Terras aos Indígenas nas Colíónias de Africa."
  6. (1988). 0 Sistema das Aldeias Comunais em Mocambique—Transformacoes na Organização do Espaco Residencial e Produtivo."
  7. (1992). A Complicated War: The Harrowing of Mozambique.
  8. (1988). A Crise da Tradição Familiar e as Aldeias Comunais em Moçambique."
  9. (1985). A Difficult Road: The Transition to Socialism in Mozambique.
  10. (1975). A Nossa Luta.
  11. (1987). A Peasant Form of Production: Wage-Dependent Agriculture in Southern Mozambique."
  12. (1985). A Perspective on Indigenous Land Tenure Systems and Land Concentration."
  13. (1993). A Piece of Land in a Land of Peace? Land Access and Tenure Security for Smallholders in Post-Settlement Mozambique."
  14. (1993). A Reforma dos Orgãos Locais e o Papel da Autoridade Tradicional no Processo de Decentralização." Maputo: Ministry of State Administration,
  15. (1991). A Research Proposal: Land Policy and Divestiture in Mozambique."
  16. (1976). A Study of Community Development and Social Change in the Limpopo Valley of Mozambique." Durban, South Africa:
  17. (1990). Acesso e Uso da Terra: Conflictos entre a Tradição , a Lei e a Realidade." Extra (Maputo:
  18. (1993). Açucareira de Moçambique Preve Produzir 6,250 Tonecadas."
  19. (1981). African History.
  20. (1980). Agricultural Cooperatives and Development Policy in Mozambique."
  21. (1983). Agricultural Production and Economic Incentives: Food Policy in Mozambique." Development Discussion Paper,
  22. (1992). Algumas Considerações sobre a Sociedade Amakhuwa: Aspectos Básicos de sua Organização Social-Diferentes Polfticas Implementadas na Zona." Maputo: Ministry of State Administration,
  23. (1990). An Alternative Strategy for Agricultural Development." Maputo: Ministry of Agriculture,
  24. (1989). And Still They Dance: Women, War and the Struggle for Change in Mozambique.
  25. (1993). Antigos Combatentes Disputam Terras com Camponeses em Homoine."
  26. (1983). As Aldeias Comunais e o Seu Papel na Distribuição Territorial da População Rural na Republica Popular de Moçambique."
  27. (1993). Balanço—Análise da Repartição de Cadastro: 1987-1993."
  28. (1983). Black Gold. The Mozambican Miner, Proletarian and Peasant.
  29. (1994). Camponeses Acusam General de se Apropriar das suas Terras."
  30. (1980). Capitalism and Colonialism in Mozambique: A Study of Quelimane District.
  31. (1993). Carta."
  32. (1993). Case Studies on Customary and Formal Administration of Land and Natural Resources: Mozambique." Maputo: Ministry of Agriculture, Ad Hoc Land Commission.
  33. (1980). Class and Culture in a Peasant Economy: The Transformation of Land Tenure in Barolong."
  34. (1981). Colonialism and Legal Form: The Creation of `Customary Law' in Senegal." In Crime,
  35. (1985). Communal Villages and the Distribution of the Rural Population in the People's Republic of Mozambique." Population and Development Projects in Africa.
  36. (1994). Competitive Rights, Competitive Claims: Land Access in Post-War Mozambique."
  37. (1993). Conflictos de Terras: Algumas Informações Adicionais."
  38. (1994). Consuetudinary and Statutory Land Law and Administration in Mozambique."
  39. (1993). Country Gender Analysis—Mozambique."
  40. (1981). Creating a New Legal System."
  41. (1992). Cults of Violence and Counter-Violence in Mozambique."
  42. (1994). Customary Land Administration and `Terroires' as a Model for Local Government: A Comparative View of Reform in Practice in Mozambique and Guinea Bissau."
  43. (1984). Customary Law and the Economy."
  44. (1991). Developing Democracy When Civil Society Is Weak: The Case of Botswana."
  45. (1992). Direitos de Propriedade Conservação Ecolíógica." Extra (Maputo: Centro de
  46. (1990). Economic Crisis in Mozambique."
  47. (1991). Economic Reform and Armed Conflict in Mozambique."
  48. (1994). Emerging Land Markets and Land Conflicts in the Peri-Urban Green Zones of Maputo: The Discord between Law and Practice."
  49. (1993). Entrevista Polftica Agricola: Que Venha o Investimento Estrangeiro!"
  50. (1973). FRELIMO and the Mozambican Revolution."
  51. (1987). From the Idealization of Frelimo to the Understanding of the Recent History of Mozambique."
  52. (1993). Gaza Algodão Volta aos Campos."
  53. (1994). Genero e Terra em Moçambique." Maputo: Universidade Eduardo Mondlane.
  54. (1994). Giving Away the Store: Divestiture and Privatization of State Farm Land in Mozambique. " Research paper.
  55. (1992). Hoc Land Commission. Ministry of Agriculture.
  56. (1993). Ilusão: A Minha Opinião."
  57. (1988). Internal Memorandum." BPD (Banco Popular de Desenvolvimento),
  58. (1993). Interview with the Minister of Agriculture."
  59. (1983). Introduction to the Mozambican Land Law."
  60. (1984). Introduction: Some Notes on `African Customary Law."
  61. (1990). La Cause des Armes au Mozambique.
  62. (1994). Land and Political Authority in Post-War Mozambique: Notes from Manica Province." Research paper.
  63. (1993). Land Disputes and Ecological Degradation in an Irrigation Scheme: A Case Study of State Farm Divestiture in Chokwe, Mozambique."
  64. (1992). Land Markets, Transaction Costs, and Land Use in the Peri-Urban Green Zones of Maputo, Mozambique." Research paper.
  65. (1990). Land Policy and State Farm Divestiture in Mozambique."
  66. (1988). Land Redistribution in Mozambique and its Effects on Women's Collective Production: Case Studies from Sofala Province."
  67. (1988). Land Struggles and Social Differentiation in Southern Mozambique: A Case Study of Chokwe,
  68. (1992). Land Tenure and Resettlement in Post-War Mozambique: Capacity and Individual Choice. " Research paper.
  69. (1993). Land Tenure Issues in Post-War Mozambique: Constraints and Conflicts." Research paper.
  70. (1986). Land Tenure Issues in Project Design and Strategies for Agricultural Development in sub-Saharan Africa."
  71. (1993). Land Tenure Security and State Farm Divestiture
  72. (1985). Law, Custom and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia. New York:
  73. (1991). Legal Reform in Mozambique: Equality and Emancipation for Women through Popular Justice?"
  74. (1993). Legal Uncertainty and Land Disputes in the Peri-Urban Areas of Mozambique: Land Markets in Transition."
  75. (1994). Legal Uncertainty, Land Conflicts and Tenure Insecurity in the PeriUrban Areas of Maputo."
  76. (1988). Legislação sobre o Uso e Aproveitamento da Terra.
  77. (1992). Legitimidade Polftica a Nível Local e Segurança de Posse da Terra." Extra (Maputo: Centro de
  78. (1992). Lei dos Tribunais Comunitarios. Maputo: Government Printer.
  79. (1986). Let's Build Agricultural Producer Cooperatives: Socialist Agricultural Development Strategy in Mozambique,
  80. (1990). Liberating the Law: Creating Popular Justice in Mozambique. London: Zed.150 Santos, Boaventura de Sousa.
  81. (1993). Macarretane: Para Tras Olham os Mortos."
  82. (1990). Mozambican Crossroads: Economics and Politics in the Era of Structural Adjustment."
  83. (1993). Mozambique 's Cautious Steps toward Lasting Peace." Current History,
  84. (1987). Mozambique and the Regional Conflict in Southern Africa."
  85. (1990). Mozambique: A Dream Undone. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.144 Egero,
  86. (1993). Mozambique: A Strategy for the Transition from Emergency to Reconstruction, Priority Needs for 1994-1995." Munslow,
  87. (1992). Mozambique: Destabilization, State, Society and Space."
  88. (1984). Mozambique: Frelimo's Strategy for Rural-Urban Balance."
  89. (1983). Mozambique: From Colonialism to Revolution,
  90. (1988). Mozambique: From Symbolic Socialism to Symbolic Reform."
  91. (1987). Mozambique: La Revolution Implosee.
  92. (1990). Mozambique: Restoring Rural Production and Trade."
  93. (1974). Mozambique: Sowing the Seeds of Revolution. London: Committee for Freedom in Mozambique, Angola and Guine.
  94. (1972). Mozambique: The Africanization of a European Institution; The Zambesi Prazos,
  95. (1990). Mozambique: The Revolution under Fire.
  96. (1980). Mozambique: Women, the Law and Agrarian Reform.
  97. (1994). Mozambique's Land Law: Contradictions with the Legislative Framework."
  98. (1989). Mozambique's Long War."
  99. (1988). Nampula en Guerre."
  100. (1994). Nationality, Race, and Class: Land Conflicts in Mozambique."
  101. (1993). No Bairro Intaka Disputa de Terras Leva Secretario do GD a Cela Outros Nove Colaboradores Estão Também a Contas com as Autoridades."
  102. (1993). No Place Like Home: Mozambican Refugees Begin Africa's Largest Repatriation." USCR issue paper.
  103. (1989). Options for State Divestiture and the Creation of Secure Tenure: A Report to USAID Mozambique."
  104. (1929). Os Prazos da Zambezia."
  105. (1993). Para Medição de Terras: Empresas Privadas Poderão Ser Recriadas."
  106. (1988). Peasant Agriculture in Mozambique: The Case of Chokwe,
  107. (1992). Peasants, Work, and the Labor Process: Forced Cotton Cultivation in Colonial Mozambique, 1938-1961." Paper presented at 35th Annual Meeting of African Studies Association,
  108. (1994). PIDICO Plays Miracle Hand."
  109. (1991). Planning Commission.
  110. (1991). Popular Justice in Mozambique: Between State Law and Folk Law."
  111. (1994). Presentation to the National Seminar on Land in Mozambique Organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Land Tenure Center."
  112. (1993). Preso por Ter Cão, Preso por Nib Ter."
  113. (1994). Proceedings: Second National Land Conference in Mozambique."
  114. (1990). Property, Women Fishers and Struggles for Women's Rights in Mozambique."
  115. (1993). Protected Villages and Communal Villages in the Mozambican Province of Tete (1968-1982)." D.Phil. thesis,
  116. (1992). Reforma da Posse da Terra da Política de Terras em Africa" [Land Tenure and Policy Reform in Africa]. Extra (Maputo: Centro de Formação Agrária), Special Edition,
  117. (1992). Refugees and Returnees as Social Agents: A Case Study of the Jehovah's Witnesses from Milange." Oxford: Oxford University,
  118. (1993). Reintegration, Land Access and Land Tenure Security in Mozambique."
  119. (1992). Relatíório de Trabalho de Campo nas Provincias de Sofala e Manica." Maputo: Ministry of State Administration,
  120. (1992). Renamo and the Peasantry in Southern Mozambique: A View from Gaza Province."
  121. (1991). Repatriation and Development in Northern Tete: Peoples' Attitudes, Current Procedures and Post-War Planning: Preliminary Findings from Field Research in Angonia." Oxford:
  122. (1993). Repatriation of Mozambicans: The Current Situation."
  123. (1992). Repatriation to Mozambique: Refugee Initiative and Agency Planning." In When Refugees Go Home,
  124. (1991). Report on Financial Status of State Farms and Enterprises, Chokwe." Maputo: Government of Mozambique,
  125. (1992). Residential and Agricultural Land Disputes in Maputo." Research paper.
  126. (1977). Resistance and Collaboration
  127. (1983). Revolution and Counter Revolution: Mozambique's War of Independence,
  128. (1988). Rural Mozambique since the Frelimo Party Fourth Congress: The Situation in the Baixo Limpopo."
  129. (1986). Rural Transformation and Peasant Women in Mozambique." Research working paper, World Employment Program. Geneva: International Labour Office.
  130. (1993). Sector Familiar Vence Disputa de Terras em Magude: Comissão Provincial de Agricultura Continua a Investigar as Causas da Ocupação das Machambas dos Camponeses."
  131. (1994). Security and Conflict in Mozambique: Case Studies of Land Access in the Post-War Period." Research paper.
  132. Social Change and the Re-Creation of Community: An Exploratory Study in
  133. (1988). Socialism and the `Soft State' in Africa: An Analysis of Angola and Mozambique."
  134. (1984). State Intervention in Agriculture: The Mozambican Experience."
  135. (1994). State Land Apparatus in Mozambique."
  136. (1988). Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World.
  137. (1988). Summary of Refugee Accounts of Principally Conflict Related Experience in Mozambique."
  138. (1993). Terras do Vale do Infulene São para a Assembleia-Geral quem Trabalha-Afirma Primeiro-Ministro Durante." 31 August.149 Notícias.
  139. (1994). Terras em Moçambique: A Beira de um Nono Conflicto."
  140. (1985). The Cooperative Movement in Chokwe, Mozambique."
  141. (1966). The Customary Laws of Succession in Central Africa."
  142. (1983). The Invention of Tradition. New York:
  143. (1994). The Land Tenure Issue and Land Conflicts in Angonia."
  144. (1982). The Mozambican Cotton Cooperative: The Creation of a Grassroots Alternative to Forced Commodity Production."
  145. (1990). The Mozambican National Resistance Movement (RENAMO): A Study in the Destruction of an African Country."
  146. (1991). The New Missionaries: Review of Mozambique: Who Calls the Shots?" Southern African Review of Books,
  147. (1984). The Political Economy of Customary Law in the Former British Territories of Africa."
  148. (1991). The Re-Emergent Patrões and Economic Development in Zambezia: Some Comments." Oxford:
  149. (1994). The Shona and their Neighbors.
  150. (1969). The Struggle for Mozambique.
  151. (1969). Trade, State and Society among the Yao in the Nineteenth Century."
  152. (1993). Um Assento `Muito Serio.'"
  153. (1992). Uncivil States and Civil Societies: How Illusion Became Reality."
  154. (1993). Urn Exemplo."
  155. (1994). Urn Paraiso com 20 Milhões de Hectares."
  156. (1993). Vem Muito Susto de Maputo."
  157. (1991). Women and Revolution in Mozambique: A Luta Continua."
  158. (1988). Women in Mozambique: Gender Struggle and Gender Politics."