Article thumbnail


By Alan de Brauw, Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle, Linxiu Zhang and Yigang Zhang


This paper contributes to the assessment of China's rural labor markets, while paying attention to whether these markets are developing in a manner conducive to the nations modernization. According to our household survey, we find that the rapid increase in off-farm employment has continued and accelerated during the late 1990s. Our analysis shows that migration has become the most prevalent off-farm activity; has become dominated by young and better educated workers; expanded most rapidly in areas that are relatively well-off; and begun to draw workers from portions of the population, such as women, that earlier had been excluded from participation.Labor and Human Capital,

OAI identifier:
Downloaded from

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles


  1. (1992). Completing China’s Move to the Market.”
  2. (1999). Contesting Citizenship in Urban China: Peasant Migrants, the State, and the Logic of the Market.
  3. (1989). Earnings and education in China’s transition to a market economy—Survey evidence from
  4. (1997). Factor Markets, and Inequality in Rural China:
  5. (1974). Frontiers of Econometrics,
  6. (1996). Information Flow,
  7. (1976). Internal Migration in Developing Countries: A Review of Theory, Evidence, Methodology and Research Priorities.
  8. (1999). Leaving China’s Farms: Survey Results of New Paths and Remaining Hurdles to Rural Migration.”
  9. (2001). New Urban Labor Market Study.”
  10. (1994). Nongcun Laodongli Kua Qutu Liedong di Shezheng Miaoshu.”
  11. (2000). Rural Labor Flows in China.
  12. (1998). Rural to Rural Migration: New Channels of Off-Farm Employment in Rural China.” Working Paper.
  13. (1976). Rural to Urban Migration and Some Economic Issues: A Review Utilising
  14. (1996). Stagnation Without Equity: Changing Patterns of Income and Inequality in China’s Post-Reform Rural Economy.”
  15. (1999). Surplus Labor and Productivity in a Chinese Agriculture: Evidence from Household Survey Data.”
  16. (1996). The Alleviation of Poverty in
  17. (2001). The Evolution of Modes of Production and China’s Rural Economic Development.” Working Paper.
  18. (1999). The Role of Institutions in Rural Labor Flow
  19. (1990). The Rural Labor Market.” In
  20. (1990). Zhongguo Tongji Nianjian (China Statistical Yearbook). Beijing: State Statistical Bureau,