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A Regional Core, Adjacent, Periphery Model for National Economic Geography Analysis

By Henk J.E.M. Brand

Abstract

and classifies a country’s regions into three types according to population density criteria. The regions within a country are typified as; core, adjacent, and periphery. The benefit of this classification is twofold. One, it provides a simple three-region economic geography model consisting of a core, adjacent and a periphery region that easily expands into a multi-region model. Two, it reveals whether a country’s economic geography consists of a multi-agglomerate production structure. The model is significant because it permits an examination of the endogenous forces of economic geography. Furthermore, it allows for the identification of homogenous region types between countries in a common market such as the EU. Finally, the model provides an alternative empirical framework to the conventional core periphery model of economic geography analysis.

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  1. 3 F i n l a n d
  2. A = any adjacent region which completely surrounds a core region
  3. a single city region
  4. A1 = any region adjacent to a core with one or more UA’s with a
  5. A2 = any region adjacent to a core with one or more UA’s with a PD
  6. A3 = any region adjacent to a core with one or more UA’s with a PD less than 50 / km PERIPHERY
  7. C1 = multiple city region with no employment
  8. C2 = contains one or more urban area’s (UA) with a population density
  9. C3 = contains one or more urban area’s with a population density
  10. C4 = contains one or more urban area’s with a population density ≥
  11. C5 = a single national urban area with a population density (PD)
  12. D e n m a r k 13911 4
  13. (1995). EUROSTAT, Statistics in Focus: Regions, Labour Force Survey,
  14. IP1 = a peripheral island region with one or more UA’s with a PD
  15. IP2 = a peripheral island region with one or more UA’s with a PD
  16. IP3 = a peripheral island region with one or more UA’s with a PD
  17. (1990). IP4 = a peripheral island region with one or more UA’s with a PD < 20 / km Source: Author’s own regional classification format. UA = urban area;
  18. o r t u g a l 2212 7
  19. P1 = a region bordering on an adjacent or other periphery with one or more UA’s with
  20. P2 = a region bordering on an adjacent or other periphery with one or more UA’s with
  21. P3 = a region bordering on an adjacent or other periphery with one or more UA’s with
  22. P4 = a region bordering on an adjacent or other periphery with one or more UA’s with
  23. S p a i n
  24. (1990). Source: Author’s own calculation.
  25. Source: Author’s own calculations.
  26. (1990). Source: Authors own calculations.
  27. (2002). The Home Market, Trade, and Industrial Structure”, The American Economic Review,
  28. (1996). The Spread of Industry: Spatial Agglomeration in Economic Development,” Centre for Economic Performance, Discussion Paper No. 279 Venables,