Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The role of learning in innovation: in-house versus externally contracted R&D experience

By Pilar Beneito López, Amparo Sanchis Llopis and María Engracia Rochina Barrachina


En este trabajo se analiza el papel del aprendizaje en el éxito innovador de las empresas, tomando en consideración la naturaleza heterogénea de las actividades innovadoras, y en particular, distinguiendo entre el aprendizaje que proviene de la realización interna de actividades de I+D y el aprendizaje que proviene de la contratación externa de estas actividades. Para este trabajo se utiliza una muestra representativa de empresas manufactureras en España durante el período 1990-2006, y dentro del marco de una función de producción de innovaciones, se estiman modelos ¿count¿ con el fin de investigar la influencia que tiene en la obtención de resultados innovadores la experiencia que proviene de la I+D realizada dentro de la empresa y de la contratada externamente. Nuestros resultados muestran que el aprendizaje tiene un papel importante en la obtención de innovaciones de producto cuando las empresas organizan sus actividades de I+D internamente, y que la experiencia que proviene de la contratación externa de actividades de I+D no influye sobre el número de innovaciones de producto. This paper analyses the role of learning in firms¿ innovation success, taking into account the heterogeneous nature of innovation activities, and in particular, distinguishing between learning arising from the internal organization of R&D activities and learning from externally contracting these activities. We use a representative sample of Spanish manufacturing firms for the period 1990-2006, and within an innovation production function approach, we estimate count data models to investigate the influence of firms¿ in-house and externally contracted R&D experience in the achievement of innovative results. Our results show that learning is important in the achievement of product innovations when the firms organize R&D activities internally, and that experience from externally contracted R&D activities does not influence the number of product innovations.innovation, accumulation of knowledge, in-house R&D experience, externally contracted R&D experience, count data models. innovación, acumulación de conocimiento, experiencia en I+D interna, experiencia en I+D contratada externamente, modelos para datos ¿count¿.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1996). Are knowledge spillovers international or intranational in scope?.
  2. (2003). Choosing among alternative technological strategies: an empirical analysis of formal sources of innovation’,
  3. (2008). contact Ivie's Publications Department to obtain a list of publications previous to
  4. (1965). Corporate inventive output, profits and growth’,
  5. (1993). Decomposing learning-by-doing in new plants’,
  6. (2008). Determinantes de la divulgación de información previsional en España: un análisis de las empresas
  7. (2009). Determinants of interest rate exposure of Spanish banking industry”
  8. (2009). Do process innovations boost SMEs productivity growth?
  9. (1984). Econometric models for count data with and application to the patents-R&D relationship’,
  10. (1995). Exploring the relationship between R&D and productivity in French manufacturing firms’,
  11. (2009). Factores determinantes de la salida a Bolsa en España”
  12. (1997). How persistently do firms innovate?’,
  13. (1972). Human Problem Solving,
  14. (2001). Innovation an economic performance at the enterprise level’, Innovation and Enterprise Creation: Statistics and Indicators, European Commission,
  15. (1989). Innovation and learning: the two faces of R&D’,
  16. (1966). Invention and Economic Growth, Cambridge:
  17. (2003). Is there persistence in innovative activities?’,
  18. (1979). Issues in assessing the contribution of R&D to productivity growth,
  19. (2001). Knowledge capital and performance heterogeneity: a firm level innovation study’,
  20. (2004). Knowledge management, innovation and productivity: a firm level exploration based on French manufacturing CIS3 data’, NEBR Working Paper 10237,
  21. La influencia de la cultura sobre la búsqueda de información. El caso de la vivienda para 'turismo residencial' en la Costa Blanca”.
  22. (2004). Libres de Discapacidad por sexo y Comunidad Autónoma:
  23. (1989). Likelihood ratio tests for model selection and nonnested hypotheses’,
  24. (2001). Linking innovation and firm performance’,
  25. (2007). On the evolutionary and behavioural theories of organizations: a tentative roadmap’,
  26. (1988). Organizational learning’,
  27. (1990). Patent statistics as economic indicators: a survey’,
  28. (1984). Patents and R&D at the firm level: a first look’ in
  29. (1986). Patents and R&D: is there a lag?’,
  30. (1989). Patents as a measure of innovative activity’,
  31. (2007). Persistence in innovation: stylised facts and panel data evidence’,
  32. (1997). Persistence of innovative activities’, sectoral patterns of innovation and international technological specialization’
  33. (1976). Perspectives on Technology,
  34. (2007). R&D experience and innovation success’,
  35. (1998). Regresion Analysis for Count Data, Cambridge:
  36. (1998). Research, innovation and productivity: an econometric analysis at the firm level’, NBER Working Paper Series 6696.
  37. (1993). Scale, scope and spillovers: the determinants of research productivity in the pharmaceutical industry’, NBER Working Paper Series 4466. 41
  38. (1984). Sectoral patterns of technological change: towards a taxonomy and a theory’,
  39. (1997). Semi-parametric estimation of hurdle regression models with an application to medic aid utilizations’,
  40. (1993). Some elements of an evolutionary theory of organizational competences’,
  41. (1978). Specification tests in econometrics’,
  42. (1999). Technological entry, exit and survival: an empirical analysis of patent data’,
  43. (2009). The determinants of net interest income in the Mexican banking system: an integrated model”
  44. (1962). The economic implications of learning by doing’,
  45. (2009). The effects of immigration on the productive structure of Spanish regions”
  46. (2005). The importance of R&D for innovation: a reassessment using French survey data’,
  47. (2006). The innovative performance of in-house and contracted R&D in terms of patents and utility models’,
  48. (1983). The propensity to patent’,
  49. (1983). The relationship between intrafirm and contractual forms of industrial research
  50. (1982). The role of knowledge in R&D efficiency’,
  51. (2009). The role of sunk cost in the decision to invest in R&D’,
  52. Trade, tariffs and total factor productivity: the case of Spanish firms”.
  53. Wage, price and unemployment dynamics in the Spanish transition to EMU membership”.
  54. (1984). Who does R&D and who patents?’,
  55. (2008). WP-EC 2008-05 “Un análisis bayesiano de la variación temporal del escenario de compra de los hogares”.
  56. (2008). WP-EC 2008-07 “The negative effects of failed service recoveries”.
  57. (2008). WP-EC 2008-08 “Short-term electricity futures prices: evidence on the time-varying risk premium”.
  58. (2008). WP-EC 2008-11 “Testing capital-skill complementarity across sectors in a panel of Spanish regions”

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.