Location of Repository

Big-Think Regionalism: A Critical Survey

By Richard Baldwin

Abstract

Small Think Regionalism focused on the Vinerian question: "Would a nation gain from joining a trade bloc?" Big Think Regionalism considers regionalism's systemic impact on the world trading system, focusing mainly on two questions: "Does spreading regionalism harm world welfare?" and "Does regionalism help or hinder multilateralism?" This paper synthesizes and critiques the theoretical literature in an attempt to identify the insights that are useful for thinking about regionalism's systemic impact in the new century.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1995). A domino theory of regionalism,”
  2. (1965). A new look at customs union theory,”
  3. (1994). A Political Economy Analysis of Free Trade Agreements,” Economic Growth Centre Discussion Paper No.
  4. (1994). A Political Economy Analysis of Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions,” Policy Research Working Paper 1261, World Bank,
  5. (1997). A political-economic analysis of free-trade agreements,”
  6. (1984). After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy,
  7. (1986). American Trade Politics,
  8. (1965). An economic theory of protectionism, tariff bargaining and the formation of customs unions.”
  9. (1976). An Elementary Proposition Concerning the Formation of Customs Union,”
  10. (1996). APEC and the United States,'
  11. (2006). Are Preferential Trade Agreements with Non-trade Objectives a Stumbling Block for Multilateral Liberalization?” Review of Economic Studies.
  12. (1996). Are Trade Blocs Condusive to Free Trade?," The
  13. (1993). Asymmetric Lobbying: Why Governments Pick Losers,' GIIS mimeo available by email.
  14. (1989). Background Paper for The Free Trade Debate,
  15. (2001). Bias in Conditional and Unconditional Fixed Effects Logit Estimation.
  16. (1995). Bigger Trade Blocs Need not Entail more Protection,” mimeo,
  17. (1997). Bilateralism is Good: Trade Blocs and Strategic Export Subsidies”,
  18. (1983). Bureaucracies and the Political Economy of Protection:
  19. (1999). Can Bilateral Trade Agreements Help Induce Free Trade”,
  20. (1991). Commentary: The Move toward Free Trade Zones”, Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Nov,
  21. (1996). Competitive liberalisation and global free trade: A vision for the early 21st century,'
  22. (1985). Customs Unions and the Core,”
  23. (1995). Customs unions, regional trading blocs and welfare,”
  24. (1995). Delegation in a General Equilibrium Model of Customs Unions,”
  25. (2000). Different Paths to Free Trade: The Gains from Regionalism”.
  26. (1996). Do Three Trade Blocs Minimize World Welfare?,"
  27. (2001). Domino effects in Western European regional trade, 1960-92',
  28. (2004). Economic Determinants of Free Trade Agreements,"
  29. (2003). Economic Determinants of Free Trade Agreements.
  30. (1992). Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange: World Political Economy in the 1930s and 1980s,
  31. (1997). effects in Western European Trade,
  32. (1991). Emerging Regional Arrangements: Building Blocs or Stumbling Blocks?”
  33. (1996). Endogenous formation of customs unions under imperfect competition: Open regionalism is good,'
  34. (1993). Endogenous Protection and Trade Diversion,”
  35. (2007). Endogenous trade bloc formation in an asymmetric world,"
  36. (1995). EU, NAFTA and Asian Responses: A Perspective from the Calculus of Participation,”
  37. (1990). Europe 1992: An American Perspective,
  38. (1995). Expanding Membership in the European Union,
  39. (1994). Fortress Europe: Jericho or Chateau d'If?,” mimeo.
  40. (1996). Globalizing Free Trade: The Ascent of Regionalism,” Foreign Affairs,
  41. (1993). Introduction and summary', in K.Anderson and R.Blackhurst (eds.), Regional integration and the global trading system,
  42. (1991). Is Bilateralism Bad?,”
  43. (2000). Issue Linkage and Issue Tie-in
  44. John (2002)."New Bilateralism in the Asia–Pacific"
  45. (1993). Multilateral and bilateral trade policies in the world trading system: an historical perspective,'
  46. (2003). Multilateral Determinants of Regionalism: The Effects of GATT/WTO on the Formation of Preferential Trade Agreements.
  47. (1993). Multilateral Tariff Cooperation during the Formation of Regional Free Trade Areas,”
  48. (1994). Multilateral Trade Negotiations and Preferential Trading Arrangements,”
  49. (2000). Multilateralism and the endogenous formation of preferential trade agreements”,
  50. (1996). Natural Trading Blocs: A Closer Look," prepared for European Economic Association Meeting,
  51. (2004). Negotiating Free Trade.
  52. (1970). Non-Tariff Distortions of International Trade.
  53. (1996). On the Value of Preferential Trade Agreements in Multilateral Negotiations,”
  54. (1990). Optimal Tariff Equilibria with Customs Unions,”
  55. (1953). Optimum tariffs and retaliation,”
  56. (2006). Playing Dominoes in Europe: An Empirical Analysis of the Domino Theory for the EU,
  57. (1981). Political preferences for the pork barrel: a generalisation,”
  58. (1995). Politics and Trade Policy,”
  59. (1935). Politics, Pressures and the Tariff,
  60. (1998). Positive Feedback: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Industry Demands for
  61. (1996). Preferential Agreements and the Multilateral Trading System," mimeo.
  62. (2006). Preferential Trade Agreements as Stumbling Blocks for Multilateral Trade Liberalization: Evidence for the United States,”
  63. (1996). Preferential Trading Areas and Multilateralism: Strangers, Friends of Foes?,”
  64. (1994). Protection for
  65. (2001). Quantifying the impact of technical barriers to trade: Can it be done?,
  66. (1996). Regional Integration and Lobbying for Tariffs Against Non-Members,” mimeo,
  67. (1993). Regional trade arrangements in North America: CUSTA and NAFTA,'
  68. (1996). Regional Trading Blocs, forthcoming, Institute for International Economics,
  69. (1996). Regionalism and Multilateralism Tariff Cooperation," Paper prepared for
  70. (1998). Regionalism and Multilateralism: A Political Economy Approach,”
  71. (1993). Regionalism and multilateralism: an overview,” in J. de Melo and A. Panagariya (eds), New Dimensions in Regional Integration,
  72. (1995). Regionalism and the World Trading System,
  73. (1991). Regionalism and the World Trading System." Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Nov,
  74. (1993). Regionalism versus multilateralism: Analytic notes', in De
  75. (1993). Regionalism vs. Multilateralism: Analytical Notes'
  76. (1996). Regionalism, multilateralism and deeper integration,
  77. (1999). Reincke and Adriana Castro
  78. (1995). Reshaping the World Trading System: A History of the Uruguay Round,
  79. (1998). Returns to Regionalism: An Analysis of Nontraditional Gains from
  80. (1995). Tariff Revenue Competition in a Free Trade
  81. (2008). Termites in the Trading System”
  82. (1997). The causes of regionalism,” The World Economy,
  83. (2005). The Clash of Liberalizations: Preferential vs. Multilateral Trade Liberalization in the European Union,"CEPR Discussion Papers 4973.
  84. (1960). The cost of protection and the scientific tariff.”
  85. (1950). The Customs Union Issue. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace,
  86. (1994). The EC and Protection: The Political
  87. (1960). The economic theory of customs unions.”
  88. (1991). The European Community and World Trade: The Commercial Policy Dimension,” Discussion
  89. (1993). The European Community: A case of Successful Integration,”
  90. (1991). The move toward free trade zones," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Nov,
  91. (1985). The Political Economy of U.S. Import Policy.
  92. (1996). The size of trading blocs: Market power and world welfare effects,”
  93. (1991). The World Trading System at Risk, Harvester Wheatsheaf,
  94. (1994). Towards an integrated Europe,
  95. (2000). Trade Bloc Formation Under Imperfect Competition," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 571,
  96. (1967). Trade Creation and Trade Diversion in the
  97. (1995). Trading Blocs and the Americas: The Natural, the Unnatural, and the Super-Natural,”
  98. (1996). Trading Blocs and the Sustainability of Inter-regional Cooperation,” forthcoming
  99. (1990). Welfare and customs unions,”
  100. (2005). What Drives Regional Trade Agreements that Work?
  101. (1995). Who Should Run Eastern European trade policy and
  102. (1994). Why a Free Trade Area? The Tariff Also Rises,”
  103. (1996). Why do countries seek regional trade agreements?'

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.