Location of Repository

Not Only Subterranean Forests: Wood Consumption And Economic Development In Britain (1850-1938)

By Iñaki Iriarte-Goñi and María Isabel Ayuda

Abstract

The essential aim of this paper is to analyze wood consumption in Great Britain over the period 1850-1938. We calculate the apparent consumption of wood in Britain, taking into account both net imports of wood and the home harvest of wood. Then we develop some quantitative exercises which correlate wood consumption with GDP, and with prices of wood and iron (as an alternative material to wood). The main conclusion is that, although wood had lost its economic centrality after the energetic transition, wood consumption continued to grow in Britain both in absolute and relative terms, showing a positive elasticity to GDP superior to the unity. The decline of wood prices in the long run, the innovations affecting wood exploitation and treatment, and the fact that wood was used in a wide range of economic activities, can explain that growth in consumption. Britain faced the increase in wood demand relying almost totally on imports. Thus, although British economic development was to a great extent focussed on what has been called the “subterranean forests” of coal, simultaneously supported large tracts of foreign forest.wood, forest history, industrialization, consumption function

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2000). A Critical Geography of Britain’s State Forests,
  2. (1981). A History of English Forestry, Basil Blackwel,
  3. (1905). Agricultural Returns in Great Britain, Her Majesty’s Stationary Office,
  4. (1980). An economic history of the British building industry,
  5. (1980). British historical Statistics,
  6. (1969). British transport. An economic survey from the seventeenth century to the twentieth,
  7. (1909). British woods and their owners,
  8. (1982). Canadian Newsprint, 1913-1930: National Policies and the North American Economy,
  9. (2002). Changes in the United Kingdom’s natural relations in terms of society’s metabolism and land-use from 1850 to the present day,
  10. (1988). Continuity, chance and change. The Characte of the Industrial Revolution in England.
  11. (2004). Dematerialization and transmaterialization: what have we learned? 1. Research Paper Series,
  12. (2006). Ecology, Economy and State Formation in Early Modern Germany,
  13. (2010). Energy and the English Industrial Revolution,
  14. (2007). Energy consumption in England and Wales, 1560-2000, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche,
  15. (1987). Factor substitution and induced innovation in north American kraft pulping: 1914–1940,
  16. (2006). Fears of wood shortage and the reality of the woodlands
  17. (1921). First annual report of the Forestry Commissioners, Parliamentary Papers,
  18. (1969). Forest resource and forest industry
  19. (1923). Forest resources of the world,
  20. (1904). Forestry in the United Kingdom,
  21. (1917). Forestry Sub-Committee. Final report, Parliamentary papers,
  22. (1926). Forests and Sea Power,
  23. (2009). GLS-Based unit root tests with multiple structural breaks under both the null and alternative hypotheses.
  24. (1973). Great Britain’s wood yard. British America and the timber trade, 1763-1867,
  25. (1913). Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, London STATISTICAL ABSTRACT
  26. (1989). Housing in urban Britain, 1870-1914: Class, capitalism and construction,
  27. (2009). Human appropriation of net primary production in the United Kingdom, 1800–2000 Changes in society's impact on ecological energy flows during the agrarian–industrial transition,
  28. (2000). Imagining and creating forest in Britain,
  29. (1973). Innovative Responses to Materials Shortages,
  30. (2001). La madera en España, c.1850–c.1950. Un primer esbozo,
  31. (2003). Long-term industrial transformation. A Comparative Study
  32. (1993). Metabolism and colonization modes of production and the physical exchange between societies and nature.
  33. (1987). Northeastern Europe's Timber Trade Between The Napoleonic and Crimean Wars: A Preliminary Survey",
  34. (1971). Paper making in the British isles. A historical and geographical
  35. (1942). Post-war forest policy report by H.M.
  36. (2005). Prewhitening Bias in HAC Estimation,
  37. (1966). Report of the Land use Study Group. Forestry, agriculture and the multiple use of rural land, Her´s Majesty Stationery Office,
  38. (2000). Rural and agricultural change”
  39. (2000). Rural industries and manufacturing”,
  40. (2008). Socio-ecological regime transitions in Austria and the United Kingdom,
  41. (1953). Swedish Timber Exports 1859-1950. A History of the Swedish Timber Trade, Stokholm, The Swedish Wood Exporters association.
  42. (1992). Testing the null hypothesis of stationarity against the alternative of a unit root,
  43. (1936). The afforestation of Britain,
  44. (2009). The British industrial Revolution in Global Perspective,
  45. (1955). The British Timber duties 1815-1860,
  46. (1962). The changing use of land in Britain,
  47. (1910). The development of British Forestry,
  48. (1903). The dictionary of Statistics,
  49. (1861). The forester. A practical treatise on the planting, rearing, and general management of forest trees, William Blackwood and soons, Edinburgh census of production,
  50. (1990). The industrialization of wood: The transformation of a material,
  51. (1903). The new forestry or the continental system adapted to British woodlands and game preservation,
  52. (2001). The Subterranean Forest: Energy systems and the industrial revolution. The White Horse Press,
  53. (1945). The wood from the trees, The pilot press,
  54. (2001). The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective, OECD Development Centre,
  55. (1957). Timber, Its development and distribution. A historical Survey,
  56. (1990). Trees and woodland in the British landscape, Dent and sons,
  57. (2008). Wood and industrialization Evidence and hypotheses from the case of Spain, 1860–1935,
  58. (2010). Wood and wood products in the English economy,
  59. (1982). Wood Since the Industrial Revolution: a Strategic Retreat?,
  60. (2000). Woodlands”,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.