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International outsourcing and labour demand: Evidence from Finnish firm-level data

By Petri Böckerman and Elisa Riihimäki

Abstract

We examine the employment effects of international outsourcing by using firm-level data from the Finnish manufacturing sector. A major advantage of our data is that outsourcing is defined based on firms’ actual use of intermediate inputs from foreign trade statistics. The estimates show that intensive outsourcing (more than two times the 2-digit industry median) does not reduce employment nor have an effect on the share of low-skilled workers.International outsourcing; offshoring; labour demand; propensity score matching

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