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Smooth Transition Garch Models : a Baysian Perspective

By Michel LUBRANO

Abstract

This paper proposes a new kind of asymmetric GARCH where the conditional variance obeys two différent regimes with a smooth transition function. In one formulation, the conditional variance reacts differently to negative and positive shocks while in a second formulation, small and big shocks have separate effects. The introduction of a threshold allows for a mixed effect. A Bayesian strategy, based on the comparison between posterior and predictive Bayesian residuals, is built for detecting the presence and the shape of non-linearities. The method is applied to the Brussels and Tokyo stock indexes. The attractiveness of an alternative parameterisation of the GARCH model is emphasised as a potential solution to some numerical problems.

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