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Using sub-grid-scale topographic information to parameterise a probability-distributed runoff-production scheme for regional climate modelling

By Simon Dadson and Vicky Bell

Abstract

Fully-coupled regional climate models require the representation of hydrological pro- cesses at spatial scales coarser than the scale over which topographic variability influ- ences water fluxes. It is possible to retain sub-grid-scale information by constructing a parameterised representation of fine resolution topography.\ud Here we describe a procedure that can be used to infer catchment and grid-pixel hydro- logical properties from existing topographic and geomorphic datasets. This procedure permits the calculation of the probability distribution of soil moisture stores within a grid pixel or a catchment. The new scheme is demonstrated in use as a hydrological sub-component of a regional climate/land-surface model.\ud As well as improving the representation of hydrological processes in coarse resolution gridded flow models, the work may provide a physically-based method of providing enhanced calibration of hydrological models in ungauged basins using readily available geomorphic data

Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:9103

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