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Minerals in Afghanistan : the potential for copper

By Antony John Benham and Stan Coats


There are around 300 documented copper deposits,\ud occurrences and showings in Afghanistan as shown in Figure\ud 1. A variety of styles of copper mineralisation occur in rocks\ud ranging in age from Proterozoic to Neogene. These include\ud sediment-hosted, skarn, porphyry, and vein-hosted, as well as\ud other types. The largest and best-known copper discovery in\ud Afghanistan is the world-class Aynak stratabound deposit\ud hosted within Vendian-Cambrian quartz-biotite-dolomite\ud metasedimentary rocks 30 km south-south-east of Kabul.\ud Soviet surveys in the 1970s and 1980s indicated resources of\ud 240 Mt at 2.3 % Cu. However, Afghanistan has yet to be\ud evaluated in the light of modern mineral deposit models and\ud improved analytical methods. From a global perspective,\ud Afghanistan is relatively under explored and the potential for\ud further discoveries of copper and other minerals is high. A\ud summary of the potential for copper in Afghanistan is shown\ud in Table 1

Topics: Earth Sciences
Publisher: Afghanistan Geological Survey
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:10927

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