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Bulletin of British earthquakes 2004



The British Geological Survey's (BGS) Seismic Monitoring and Information Service\ud operates a nationwide network of seismograph stations in the United Kingdom (UK). The\ud whole of the UK, including coastal waters, is covered within the limits of the detection\ud capabilities of the seismograph network. Location accuracy is extended in offshore areas\ud through data exchange with neighbouring countries. Seismic phase data, location details\ud and magnitudes are presented in this Bulletin for all earthquakes detected and located by\ud BGS during 2004 in Tables 1 and 2, together with maps showing the larger magnitude\ud events since 1979 (ML> 2.5) and since 1970 (ML> 3.5). The bulletin covers all of the UK\ud land mass and its coastal waters including the North Sea to 800 kmE and 1500 kmN.\ud All events believed to be of true tectonic origins are included. Coalfield events are also\ud included. These are small events occurring near coal workings that are believed to be\ud caused by the redistribution of stress as the coal is extracted and, in some cases by collapse\ud in old workings. They are indicated by C/F in the comments column of Tables 1, 2.\ud Acoustic disturbances, such as sonic booms from supersonic aircraft, are included when\ud they are felt. The air-borne waves are readily identified by their slow travel time across an\ud array or by their signature on a microphone but they are frequently mistaken as small\ud earthquakes by local people. They are indicated by 'SONIC' in both the locality and\ud comments column of Table 1.\ud Significant non-natural events, such as explosions, which received media attention or were\ud greater than magnitude 2.5 ML or felt by local residents, are also included in Table 1.\ud Smaller events that are known, or suspected to be of explosive origin are excluded from the\ud bulletin where possible. These include explosions due to quarrying, mining, weapon testing\ud or disposal, naval exercises, geophysical prospecting and civil engineering. Unfortunately,\ud identification by record character, location and time of occurrence is not always conclusive\ud and some man-made events may be included in the bulletin or, more rarely, a small natural\ud event may have been excluded

Topics: Earth Sciences
Publisher: British Geological Survey
Year: 2005
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