Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Trends in teenage pregnancy in England and Wales:\ud how can we explain them?

By Kaye Wellings and Ros Kane


Teenage pregnancy is associated with adverse social and physical outcomes for both mother and child. We drew on\ud various sources-birth and abortion statistics from the Office for National Statistics, data from the National Survey\ud of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, and routinely collected data from family planning clinics-to identify trends in\ud England and Wales and their possible determinants.\ud The rate of teenage sexual activity has increased steadily and consistently over the past four decades, whilst the\ud rate of teenage fertility has shown greater variation. When the teenage fertility rate is calculated against the\ud denominator of sexually active women, rather than the total sample of teenage women, the underlying trend in\ud teenage fertility over the past four decades has been downwards, though not consistently so. Fluctuations in the\ud teenage fertility rate seem to track intervention-related factors such as access to, and use of, contraceptive\ud services and the general climate surrounding the sexual health of young people

Topics: L900 Others in Social studies
Publisher: Royal Society of Medicine Press
Year: 1999
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. Abortion Statistics: Legal Abortions Carried Out Under the 1967 Abortion Act in England and Wales.
  2. Campaign Promoting the Use of Contraceptives; Commissioned by the Health Education Council, Executed by Saatchi and Saatchi Garland-Compton Ltd in 1977. London:
  3. (1996). Contraceptive Choices: Supporting Effective Use of Methods. London: Contraceptive Education Services, Family Planning Association,
  4. Do teenagers consult GPs for contraceptive advice?
  5. (1998). Family Planning Association. Fact Sheet 8. London: Contraceptive Education Service FPA,
  6. Gillick vs west Norfolk and Wisbech. Weekly Law Reports, doi
  7. (1998). Health Family Planning Clinic Services. Summary Informationfor 1996-7, England. Government Statistical Service DH Statistics,
  8. (1998). Health Statistics
  9. (1998). Health. Our Healthier Nation: a Contract for Health. doi
  10. Income distribution and life expectancy. doi
  11. (1998). Institute. Into a New World. In: Young Women's Sexual and Reproductive Lives.
  12. (1993). Methodology of the national survey ofsexual attitudes and lifestyles.J R Stat Soc doi
  13. (1978). My Mother Said... The Way Young People Learn about Sex and Birth Control. London: Routledge Kegan Paul, doi
  14. (1998). Pregnancy's new tyranny.
  15. Reducing theRateofTeenageConception. AnInternational Review ofthe Evidence: Datafrom Europe.
  16. (1998). Review of the Registrar General on Births and Patterns of Family Building in England and Wales.
  17. (1994). Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. doi
  18. Teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom in the 1990s: the implications for primary care. Fam Practice doi
  19. The "Pill Scare" and fertility in England and Wales.
  20. (1998). The great jobs divide that splits
  21. (1995). The impact of the October
  22. (1998). The Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health. London: Stationery Office, doi
  23. (1989). The political management of school sex education in England. In:
  24. (1997). Trends in conceptions before and after the 1995 pill scare. Population Trends
  25. (1990). Trends in use of oral contraception in Britain. BrJ Fam Planning

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.