Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Integrated Modelling for Health and Environmental Impact Assessment of Air Pollution and Climate Change

By Stefan Reis, Tim Oxley and Ed Rowe


Modelling the impacts of air pollution and climate change on human health and ecosystems\ud in integrated assessment models (IAMs) has emerged as a key tool to inform policy\ud decision making, where simplistic solutions are unlikely to deliver efficient and sustainable\ud pathways for future development.\ud Model integration is facing a complex set of challenges in different dimensions, as\ud integrated models have to be:\ud Spatially explicit and of sufficiently high spatial resolution for their respective domain,\ud with nesting approaches providing the integration across different spatial scales.\ud Temporally dynamic to model system responses and recovery e.g. pollutant\ud accumulation, time-lag (e.g. of measure implementation) and time-bomb effects. Due\ud to different temporal horizons for different processes (e.g. days-years for air pollution,\ud decades-centuries for climate change, centuries-millennia for accumulation of heavy\ud metals/POPs in soils), integrated models also need to nest models with different\ud temporal resolution.\ud Sectorally detailed to model trade-offs and synergies and to allow for the\ud representation of paradigm-shifts (e.g. in energy systems) and behavioural changes\ud (e.g. non-technical measures).\ud Accessible, providing clear illustrations of inter-sectoral synergies and tradeoffs (e.g.\ud ammonia emission reduction vs. nitrate leaching in agriculture) using visualisations\ud and multi-media.\ud In addition to the aforementioned requirements, integrated models need to be flexible and\ud scalable to be able to provide answers to varying problems. This paper discusses current\ud challenges faced by IAMs and emerging developments based on a literature review.\ud \u

Topics: Ecology and Environment, Atmospheric Sciences, Health
Publisher: International Environmental Modelling and Software Society
Year: 2010
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2002). Addressing uncertainty in environmental modelling: a case study of integrated assessment of strategies to combat long-range transboundary air pollution. doi
  2. (2004). Assessment of global warming mitigation options with integrated assessment model DNE21. doi
  3. (2007). CityDelta: A model intercomparison study to explore the impact of emission reductions in European cities in 2010, doi
  4. (2004). Clearing the Air – 25 years of the Convention on Longrange Transboundary Air Pollution. United Nations,
  5. (1993). core set of indicators for environmental performance reviews.
  6. (2009). Defining assessment projects and scenarios for policy support: use of ontology in integrated assessment modelling.
  7. (1995). Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modelling
  8. (2010). European Environment Agency (EEA),, access: 10/03.2010,
  9. (2006). Getting strategic about the environment and health.
  10. (2008). How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world. doi
  11. (2007). How science and policy combined to combat air pollution problems.
  12. (2007). Implications of complexity and uncertainty for integrated modelling and impact assessment in river basins.
  13. (2003). Integrated assessment and modelling: features, principles and examples for catchment management.
  14. (2007). Integrated assessment modelling: applications of the impact pathway methodology. In: Ebel, A. and Davitashvili, T.(eds), Air, Water and Soil Quality Modelling for Risk and Impact Assessment,
  15. (2009). Integrated Modelling for Health and Environmental Impact Assessment of Air Quality
  16. (2010). Setting national emission ceilings for air pollutants: policy lessons from an ex-post evaluation of the Gothenburg Protocol.
  17. (2006). Ten iterative steps in development and evaluation of environmental models
  18. (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: Methane (CH4) IIASA Interim Report IR-05-54,, access: 26/04/2009,
  19. (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: Nitrous Oxide (N2O) IIASA Interim Report IR-05-55,
  20. (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases -Version 1.0: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) IIASA Interim Report IR-05-53,
  21. (2005). The impact of air pollutant and methane emission controls on tropospheric ozone and radiative forcing: CTM calculations for the period 1990-2030. Atmospheric Chemistry and doi
  22. (2010). The Integrated Assessment Society (TIAS), Website of the Integrated Assessment Society., access: 10/03/2010,
  23. (2005). The MINNI Project: An Integrated Assessment Modelling System For Policy Making. In:
  24. (2002). The PIAM approach to modular integrated assessment modelling.
  25. (2004). The UK Integrated Assessment Model, UKIAM: A National Scale Approach to the Analysis of Strategies for Abatement of Atmospheric Pollutants Under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution.
  26. (2007). Tools to think with? Towards understanding the use of computer-based support tools in policy relevant research.
  27. (1999). Uncertainties in integrated assessment modelling of abatement strategies: illustrations with the ASAM model.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.