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Surface modification of an Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic treated with CO2, Nd:YAG, excimer and high power diode lasers for altered wettability characteristics

By Jonathan Lawrence, Lin Li and Julian T. Spencer

Abstract

Interaction of CO2, Nd:YAG, excimer and high power diode laser (HPDL) radiation with the surface of an Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic was found to affect significant changes in the wettability characteristics of the material. It was observed that interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation reduced the enamel contact angle from 1180 to 310, 340 and 330 respectively. In contrast, interaction with excimer laser radiation resulted an increase in the contact angle to 1210. Such changes were identified as being due to: (i) the melting and partial vitrification of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic surface as a result of interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG HPDL radiation. (ii) the surface roughness of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with excimer laser radiation. (iii) the relative surface oxygen content of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation. The work has shown that the wettability characteristics of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic could be controlled and/or modified with laser surface treatment. Moreover, it was found that changes in the wettability characteristics of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic are related to the effects of laser wavelength, that is whether the wavelength of the laser radiation has the propensity to cause surface melting

Topics: H680 Optoelectronic Engineering, H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Publisher: Laser Institute of America
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lincoln.ac.uk:3282

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