Location of Repository

Comparing two measures of mental toughness

By Lee Crust and Christian Swann


This paper tested relations between two measures of mental toughness. A sample of 110 male athletes (M age = 20.81 years; SD = 2.76), derived from University sports teams and local sports clubs, gave informed consent before completing two questionnaires to assess mental toughness. It was hypothesized that scales and subscales from the two different instruments, which purported to measure the same or substantially overlapping scales, would be strongly\ud correlated. Predictions concerning the expected relations were made a priori. Pearson correlations revealed a significant and positive relationship between higher order mental toughness scores (r = .75; p <.001). Correlations between similar mental toughness subscales were found to be positive and significant but somewhat lower than expected (r = .49 to .62). Results suggest instrument subscales with similar labels are not measuring the same components of mental toughness

Topics: C600 Sports Science, C890 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.09.032
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lincoln.ac.uk:3702

Suggested articles



  1. (2009). A behavioural genetic study of mental toughness and personality. doi
  2. (2007). A framework of mental toughness in the world’s best performers. doi
  3. (2008). A review and conceptual re-examination of mental toughness: Implications for future researchers. doi
  4. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of a mental toughness inventory for Australian football. doi
  5. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI), doi
  6. (2004). Discovering mental toughness: A qualitative approach of mental toughness in elite athletes. Self Research Centre Biannual Conference,
  7. (2002). Initial development of the multidimensional Sport
  8. (2008). Mental toughness, optimism, and coping among athletes. doi
  9. (2009). Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport. doi
  10. (2002). Mental toughness: the concept and its measurement.
  11. (2010). Mental toughness: The mindset behind sporting achievement. doi
  12. (2007). Physical self-concept and sport. doi
  13. (2009). Progress towards construct validation of the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ). doi
  14. (2005). Relationship between mental toughness and physical endurance. doi
  15. (2010). The development and maintenance of mental toughness in the world’s best performers. doi
  16. (2010). The role of psychological characteristics in facilitating the pathway to elite performance part 1: Identifying mental skills and behaviours.
  17. (2008). Towards and understanding of mental toughness in Australian football. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.