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Gender and sexual orientation differences in cognition across adulthood : age is kinder to women than to men regardless of sexual orientation

By Elizabeth A. Maylor, Stian Reimers, Jean Choi, Marcia Collaer, Michael Peters and Irwin Silverman

Abstract

Despite some evidence of greater age-related deterioration of the brain in males than in females, gender differences in rates of cognitive aging have proved inconsistent. The present study employed web-based methodology to collect data from people aged 20-65 years (109,612 men; 88,509 women). As expected, men outperformed women on tests of mental rotation and line angle judgment, whereas women outperformed men on tests of category fluency and object location memory. Performance on all tests declined with age but significantly more so for men than for women. Heterosexuals of each gender generally outperformed bisexuals and homosexuals on tests where that gender was superior; however, there were no clear interactions between age and sexual orientation for either gender. At least for these particular tests from young adulthood to retirement, age is kinder to women than to men, but treats heterosexuals, bisexuals, and homosexuals just the same. \u

Topics: BF
Publisher: Springer
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:377

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