Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

List-length and list-strength effects in recognition memory

By Luciano Grüdtner Buratto

Abstract

The study of interference effects is important to constrain models of memory. List-length manipulations test how adding new information to memory affects memory for the other stored information (list-length effect; LLE). List-strength manipulations test how strengthening some information in memory affects memory for the other non-strengthened information (list-strength effect; LSE). Whereas LLE and LSE are generally found in recall tasks, their empirical status in recognition tasks is less well established. In this thesis, we investigated some boundary conditions for both list-length and list-strength effects. The results provided evidence for the following claims: i) LLE and LSE are real effects in recognition (the effects were obtained after controlling for several confounds); ii) LLE and LSE are modulated by the relative contribution of recall-like processes operating at test (more recollection at test yielded larger effects); iii) LLE and LSE can be modulated by the number of study-test blocks in an experimental session (fewer study-test blocks resulted in larger effects); iv) LLE and LSE can be modulated by the time interval between study and test (shorter intervals produced larger effects) and iv) LLE and LSE may not be strongly modulated by the magnitude of length and strength manipulations (stronger manipulations did not result in larger effects). Taken together, the results support memory models that attribute forgetting in recognition to competition between memory traces during either encoding or retrieval. The results provide little support for models that attribute forgetting solely to interference between the contexts in which a memory was originally stored

Topics: BF
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:874

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2001). Components of episodic memory: The contribution of recollection and familiarity. doi
  2. (1994). Dissociations of processes in recognition memory: Effects of interference and of response speed. doi
  3. (2001). Exemplar accounts of blending and distinctiveness effects in perceptual old-new recognition. doi
  4. (2007). Receiver operating characteristics (ROCs) in recognition memory: A review. doi
  5. (1994). Receiver-operating characteristics in recognition memory: Evidence for a dual-process model. doi
  6. (1997). Recognition memory ROCs for item and associative information: The contribution of recollection and familiarity. doi
  7. (1998). Recollection and familiarity deficits in amnesia: Convergence of remember-know, process dissociation, and receiver operating characteristic data. doi
  8. (1992). Tests of the liststrength effect in recognition memory. doi
  9. (1999). The contribution of recollection and familiarity to recognition and source-memory judgments: A formal dual-process model and an analysis of receiver operating characteristics. doi
  10. (2002). The nature of recollection and familiarity: A review of 30 years of research. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.