Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The global cultural commons after Cancun: identity, diversity and citizenship

By Daniel Drache and Marc D. Froese


The cultural politics of global trade is a new and unexplored terrain because the public domain of culture has long been associated with national sovereignty. States everywhere have invested heavily in national identity. But in an age of globalization, culture and sovereignty have become more complex propositions, subject to global pressures and national constraints. This paper argues three main points. First, new information technologies increasingly destabilize traditional private sector models for disseminating culture. At the same time, international legal rules have become more restrictive with respect to investment and national treatment, two areas at the heart of cultural policy.\ud \ud Second, Doha has significant implications for the future of the cultural commons. Ongoing negotiations around TRIPS, TRIMS, GATS and dispute settlement will impose new restrictions on public authorities who wish to appropriate culture for a variety of public and private ends. Finally, there is a growing backlash against the WTO’s trade agenda for broadening and deepening disciplines in these areas. These issues have become highly politicized and fractious, and are bound to vex future rounds as the global south, led by Brazil, India and China flexes its diplomatic muscle

Topics: HB, JZ
Publisher: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation
Year: 2005
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2005). A Hundred Cellphones Bloom, and Chinese Take to the Streets."
  2. (2001). A New International Instrument on Cultural Diversity: Questions and Answers
  3. (2001). A Room of Our Own: Cultural Policies and Trade Agreements." In Choices: Managing Global Linkages. Ottawa: Institute for Research on Public Policy,
  4. (1951). Adams. The Bias of Communication. doi
  5. (2004). Advancing Cultural Diversity Globally: The Role of Civil Society Movements." Paper presented at the Global Flows, Dissent and Diversity: The New Agenda conference,
  6. (2003). After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order.
  7. (2002). Available from Jacinto, Leela. Indian Film Industry Gives Hollywood a Run for Its Melodrama [HTML file].
  8. (2004). Blockbusters and Trade Wars: Popular Culture in a Globalized World. doi
  9. (2000). Catalogue of International Principles Pertaining to Culture." Quebec City: Faculty of Law,
  10. (1998). Challenges for Global Regulation of Communication." Paper presented at the The Right to Communicate and the Communication of Rights, Virtual Conference
  11. (2001). Consumers and Citizens: Globalization and Multicultural Conflicts: doi
  12. (2004). Copyright's Haven of Stability." Financial Times of London,
  13. (1998). Corporate Concentration: A Threat to the Right to Communicate?" Paper presented at The Right to Communicate and the Communication of Rights, Virtual Conference
  14. (2004). Crisis in Cancun." doi
  15. (2001). Critical Reflections on the Westphalian Assumptions of International Law and Organization: A Crisis of Legitimacy." doi
  16. (2001). Cultural Diversity and Pluralism: The European Audio-Visual Model." Paper presented at the Audiovisual Industry Seminar, World Trade Organization,
  17. (1999). Cultural Industries in the Age of Free-Trade Agreements."
  18. (2004). Cultural Liberty in Today's Diverse World United Nations Development Programme, doi
  19. (1998). Culture and Social Action." In The New American Cultural Sociology, edited by Philip Smith. Cambridge: doi
  20. (2002). Developing Countries and International Intellectual Property StandardSetting." doi
  21. (1995). Development of the Audiovisual Industry in Brazil from Importer to Exporter of Television Programming."
  22. (2002). Doha and After." Paper presented at the From Doha to Kananaskis Conference,
  23. (2001). Economics and Culture. Cambridge: doi
  24. (2004). Film Pirates Are Robbing Us All." Financial Times of London,
  25. (2004). Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. doi
  26. (2005). Get Tough with 'Axis of Patent Evil' [HTML file]. American Enterprise Institute,
  27. (1999). Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. doi
  28. (1997). Globalization, Social Conflict and Economic Growth." Geneva:
  29. (2001). Governance and the Limits of Accountability: The WTO, the IMF, and the World Bank." doi
  30. (2003). Hampton Press Communication Series.
  31. (2004). India Rings up Huge Rise in Mobile Phone Use." Financial Times,
  32. (2002). Information Feudalism: Who Owns the Knowledge Economy? doi
  33. (1995). Introduction." In Staples, Markets and Cultural Change: Selected Essays, edited by Daniel Drache.
  34. (2004). Is WTO Dispute Settlement Effective?"
  35. (2004). It Is Time for a True Development Trade Round." Financial Times,
  36. (1999). Much Ado About Culture: North American Trade Disputes. Edited by doi
  37. (1995). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. doi
  38. (2000). No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies. doi
  39. (2002). One World, One System? The Diversity Deficits in Standard-Setting, Development and Sovereignty at the Wto [PDF file].
  40. (2005). Quotas Fail to Save European Producers from an Influx of Us Television Shows." Financial Times of London,
  41. (2004). Scotia: doi
  42. (2004). Social and Human Considerations for a More Mobile World." In
  43. (2003). The "Telenovela" Industry in the Production of Markets, and Representations of Transnational Identities." doi
  44. (2001). The Battle In Seattle: Free Trade, Labor Rights, And Societal Values”,
  45. (1998). The Cultural Life of Intellectual Properties: Authorship, Appropriation and the Law: doi
  46. (2004). The Development Round of Trade Negotiations in the Aftermath of Cancun: A Report for the Commonwealth Secretariat." New York: Initiative for Policy Dialogue,
  47. (2003). The Emergence of Collective Preferences in International Trade (Internal Memorandum)."
  48. (2003). The Expediency of Culture: Uses of Culture in the Global Era. doi
  49. (2003). The Great Global Poverty Debate: Balancing Private Interests and the Public Good at the WTO." Toronto: Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies,
  50. (2004). The Hispanic Challenge." Foreign Policy, doi
  51. (2004). The Imperative of the Social Bond: After the Triumph of Markets." In New Socialisms: Futures Beyond Globalization, edited by Robert Albritton, doi
  52. (2002). The Indian Media and Entertainment Industry [HTML File]. UK Film Council,
  53. (2004). The Political Economy of Dissent: Global Publics after Cancun Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies,
  54. (1994). The Politics of Recognition." In Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, edited by Amy Gutmann. doi
  55. (2000). The Rise of the Network Society. doi
  56. (2000). The Rule of Lawyers and the Ethos of Diplomats: Reflections on the Internal and External Legitimacy of WTO Dispute Settlement." Paper presented at
  57. (2004). Triple Play Shows the Way." Financial Times of London,
  58. (2001). UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity." Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, doi
  59. (2005). Who Gains New Powers to Tackle Disease." Financial Times of London,
  60. (2000). World Culture Report 2000: Cultural Diversity, Conflict and Pluralism." Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
  61. (2003). World Trade Organization, doi
  62. (2004). Worlds Apart on the Vision Thing." The Globe and Mail,
  63. (2001). WTO's New Round of Trade Negotiations: Doha Development Agenda Threatens Cultural Diversity International Network for Cultural Diversity,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.