Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Distributive justice and poverty alleviation in Mexico (1992-2000)

By Francisco Javier Sales Heredia


The liberal debate on egalitarian distributive justice was originally developed with affluent occidental countries in mind. We might ask whether the liberal egalitarian distributive question has a different answer when we consider countries with a different social justice answer should in principle better interpret a political conception of social justice for a poor society, and within this general distributive principle provide specific theoretical distributive criteria for the design of poverty alleviation programmes.\ud \ud I claim, as a possible answer to this theoretical question that egalitarianism could be better served by using a mixed distributive. I maintain that in extreme scarcity situations egalitarians should rather appeal to a moral pluralist view where many factors matter when we compare various feasible distributions, not only equality. This “hybrid” distributive view, which I have called Progressive Sufficiency would not give ultimate importance to equality; it would give priority to the worse off over the better off individuals only under some circumstances and would consider that several morally relevant thresholds should be clarified.\ud \ud Another problem relates to the type of goods upon we should focus when dealing with interpersonal comparisons. Three types are commonly distinguished: welfare, resources and capability. Progressive sufficiency for instance would recommend thresholds in advantage with the first one described in absolute terms and the second and third described in progressive increases of benefits, taking as the measure of benefits the average held by the proportion of the population within thresholds. Thus we could conclude that both analysis either of the distributive criterion and the currency of the distribution naturally fit together in a general prioritarian argument with graded steps of benefits.\ud \ud My case study is Mexico and some of its recent poverty alleviation programmes (1992-2000). In terms of developing countries, the Mexican case is interesting because most of its institutions and policies have being inspired by liberal ideas that have succeeded in creating a moderately strong economy, but have failed in the fair distribution of scarce resources

Topics: HC, HN
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1989). A
  2. (1984). A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures", doi
  3. (1972). A Theo ry of Justice,
  4. (1980). A ustedes les consta,
  5. (1990). a): La mortalidad infantil en Mexico, doi
  6. (1997). Aggregate poverty measures" doi
  7. (1961). Alamän, Antunano y el Liberalismo",
  8. (1985). Alivio de la pobreza y fondos de inversiön social. La experiencia Latinoamericana. Documentos para discusiön del Banco Mundial #
  9. (1997). Americas Regional Summary.
  10. (1993). An Enquiry into Well-Being and Destitution, doi
  11. (1996). Aspectos relevantes de la politica social de desarrollo,
  12. (1995). Book RevieW' of Inequality Reexamined by Amartya Sen in doi
  13. (1993). Capability and Well Being" doi
  14. (1991). Censo Nacional de
  15. (2001). Censo Nacional del 2000, Mexico DF.
  16. (1982). Comentary on Part IV. The Porfiriato, 1876-1910 in Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910, doi
  17. (1997). Constituciön Politica de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, doi
  18. (1999). Development as Freedom, doi
  19. (2000). Do we know how much poverty there is? " Working Paper #437 Inter-American Bank of Development,
  20. (1995). Drawing the line: on defining the poverty threshold",
  21. (1995). Economic Surveys Mexico, doi
  22. (1993). Economic Transformation the Mexican Way, doi
  23. (1957). EI liberalismo Mexicano, Tomo I, UNAM, doi
  24. (2001). El calculo de la pobreza y la desigualdad a partir de la ENIGH" paper presented in the international conference "Pobreza: Conceptos y Metodologia" held at Mexico City n
  25. El congreso constituyente de 1916-1917, doi
  26. (1999). El Conservadurismo Mexicano en el siglo XIX, Universidad de doi
  27. (1985). El liberalismo Mexicano",
  28. (1957). El Porfiriato: Vida Social Tomo IV de Historia Moderna de Mexico, doi
  29. (2001). Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares, doi
  30. (2000). Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares, 1992,1994,1996,1998, Version en CD, doi
  31. (1989). Equality and Equality of Opportunity for Welfare" doi
  32. (1995). Equality and Responsibility' in Boston review of Books,
  33. (1987). Equality as a Moral Ideal', in Ethics, doi
  34. (2000). Equality or Priority?, in The Ideal of Equality, doi
  35. (2000). Equality, priority, and the Levelling Down Objection"
  36. (2000). Equality' in The Ideal of Equality, doi
  37. et at (2000): "Do we know how much poverty there is? ", Working Paper #437 Inter-American Bank of Development,
  38. (1991). Experiencias y dilemas en la focalizaciön del Programa Nacional de Alimentaciön Complementaria, Informe preparado para el Banco Mundial.
  39. (1999). Farewell to the Peasantry? Political Class Formation in Rural Mexico, doi
  40. (1996). Formula, metodologia y distribuciön de las asignaciones correspondientes al Fondo de Desarrollo Social Municipal del Ramo 00026, Superaciön de la Pobreza entre las entidades federativas para el ejercicio fiscal de
  41. Honorable Camara de Diputados de la Uniön, Decreto Presidencial Para el Presupuesto del 2001, Congreso de la Union, Mexico OF.
  42. (1997). Human Development Report,
  43. (1996). Humberto and Miguel Szekely: "Income Distribution and Poverty in Mexico"
  44. (1998). Income Distribution and Poverty Through Crisis and Adjustment"
  45. (1998). Increasing Wage Inequality and Trade Liberalization in Mexico",
  46. (1999). INEQ, Distributional Analysis Research Programme, STICERD, London School of Economics
  47. (1992). Inequality Reexamined, doi
  48. (1964). Jesus: Breve Historia de la Revoluciön Mexicana: La etapa constitucionalista y la lucha de facciones. Tomo II; Fondo de Cultura Econömica,
  49. (1966). Jesus: Breve Historia de la Revoluciön Mexicana: Los antecedentes y la etapa maderista. Tomo I; Fondo de Cultura Econömica,
  50. (1973). Jesus: Trayectoria ideolögica de la Revoluciön Mexicana, doi
  51. (1965). Jose Maria Luis Mora and the Structure of Mexican Liberalism" doi
  52. (1991). La constituciön de 1824 y la formaciön del Estado Mexicano",
  53. (1973). La Constituciön de 1857 y sus criticos, SEP, Sepsetentas No 98,
  54. (1978). La dinämica de la Revoluciön y la contrarrevoluciön: Mexico bajo Cardenas, 1934-1940", in Estudios Politicos
  55. (1998). La distribuciön del Ingreso en Mexico: 1950-1977 " Chapter [
  56. (1973). La ideologia de la Revoluciön Mexicana, doi
  57. (1979). La periodizaciön de la historia politica de Mexico en el siglo XX",
  58. (1964). La Reforma y el Imperio" en Historia Documental II, edited by De la
  59. (1959). La Republica Restaurada: Vida Politica, Tomo 1 de Historia Moderna de Mexico, doi
  60. (1965). La Republica Restaurada: Vida Social Tomo III de Historia Moderna de Mexico, doi
  61. (1992). La Revoluciön Francesa y su Influencia en la Constituciön de Apatzingän de 1814" en La Revoluciön Francesa en Mexico, Ed by Solannge Alberro, Alicia Hernandez Chavez y Elias Trabulse, Colegio de Mexico, doi
  62. (1994). La salida del atraso.
  63. (1983). Las Necesidades Escenciales en Mexico: Situaciön actual y perspectivas al ano 2000, Vol I, Alimentaciön, Mexico, Siglo XXI.
  64. (1992). Las Politicas de Previsiön y el Estado Benefactor" in La seguridad social y el Estado moderno, compiled by Jose Narro and
  65. (1978). Läzaro Cardenas y la Revoluciön Mexicana. III: EI Cardenismo,
  66. (1982). Liberal Party Program,
  67. (1982). Liberal Party Program, 1906" in Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910, doi
  68. (1996). Los dineros de la pobreza. Una nota sobre la distribuciön de los fondos para la pobreza, "
  69. Los Primeros Tropiezos"
  70. (2001). Luck & Equality" doi
  71. (1994). Making Economic Reform Politically Viable: The Mexican Experience"
  72. (1996). Measuring Citizenship in Mexico" in Rebuilding the State: Mexico after Salinas, Ed. by Serrano, Monica and BulmerThomas, Victor: The Institute of Latin American Studies,
  73. (1985). Mexico from Independence to 1867", Chapter 10 in The Cambridge History of Latin America, Vol III, edited by Leslie Bethel, doi
  74. (1997). Mexico's Second Agrarian Reform: Household and community, doi
  75. (1998). Mexico",
  76. (1987). Mistico de la Autoridad. Porfirio Diaz,
  77. (1989). Modernidad, mito y religiosidad" in The Independence of Mexico and the Creation of the Nation, Ed. by Jaime E. Rodriguez 0,
  78. (1999). Mortalidad doi
  79. (1999). Neoliberal reform in rural Mexico: Social structural and political dimensions"
  80. (1995). On responsibility" in The Boston Review of Books,
  81. (1991). Origins of Instability in early Republican Mexico, doi
  82. (1999). Patriotism, Politics, and Popular Liberalism in Nineteenth-Century Mexico, doi
  83. (1996). Political Liberalism, doi
  84. (1957). Poor in Mexico, 1834", doi
  85. (1991). Poverty alleviation in Mexico, Working Papers 0679, World Bank.
  86. (1996). Poverty alleviation in Mexico: The socio-economic aspects of Pronasol', in Rebuilding the state: Mexico after Salinas, Ed. By Monica Serrano and Victor BulmerThomas, The institute of Latin American Studies,
  87. (1995). Poverty and Capability: Towards and Empirically Implementable Measure"
  88. (1995). Poverty in Mexico: The Effects of Adjusting Survey Data for Under Reporting"
  89. (1994). Poverty, Incentives, and Development"
  90. (1996). Poverty: an ordinal approach to measurement", doi
  91. (1975). Preference and urgency' doi
  92. Presidential Decree for the 2001 fiscal budget, Library of Mexican Congress,
  93. (1991). Public Action for Social Security: Foundatrions and Strategy" doi
  94. (1982). Reforms" in Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910, Ed. by W. Dirk Raat, doi
  95. (2000). Reply to Alexander and Musgrave" doi
  96. (2001). Retos para la mediciön de la pobreza en Mexico" paper presented in the international conference "Pobreza: Conceptos y Metodologia" held at Mexico City n
  97. (1995). Review of Books,
  98. (1974). Revolution at Queretaro: The Mexican Constitutional Convention of 1916-1917, doi
  99. (1997). Secretaria de Hacienda y Credito Publico, doi
  100. (2001). Sector informal y pobreza en Venezuela", paper presented at the 2001 Latin American Society reunion at
  101. (2000). Sexto Informe Presidencial (2000): Statistical appendix to the sixth address to the nation by president Zedillo,
  102. (2000). Some Questions for Egalitarians"
  103. (2000). Sovereign Virtue, doi
  104. (1999). Susan: The Course of Mexican History, Sixth Edition,
  105. (1994). The Constituent Congress, 1823-1824"
  106. (1982). The Diaz Era: Background to the Revolution of 1910" in Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910, Ed by W. Dirk Raat, doi
  107. (2000). The Diversity of Objections to Inequality' doi
  108. (1998). The Economics of Poverty, Inequality and Wealth Accumulation in Mexico, doi
  109. (2000). The Ideal of Equality, doi
  110. (1970). The Mexican Revolution: Federal expenditure and social change since doi
  111. (1982). The Political and Social Ideas of Morelos", in Mexico: From Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910, Ed. by W. Dirk Raat,
  112. (1977). The Politics of Mexican Development, doi
  113. (1989). The Transformation of Liberalism in doi
  114. (1996). Theories of Distributive Justice, doi
  115. (1997). United Nations, doi
  116. (1991). Venezuela: Revision del Programa Alimentario Materno Infantil
  117. (1981). What is Equality? Part I: Equality of Welfare",
  118. (1970). Zapata and the Mexican Revolution, Vintage Books, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.