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Three-portal technique for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Use of a central medial portal

By Steven B. Cohen and Freddie H. Fu

Abstract

Standard endoscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is performed with the use of 2 arthroscopic portals. The surgical error most commonly associated with ACL reconstruction is improper positioning of the tunnel. Errors in femoral tunnel position may be related to poor visualization of the lateral wall. When anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction is performed, proper visualization of the lateral wall is essential to ensure correct placement of both tunnels. We propose the use of a central portal, in addition to more standard anterolateral and anteromedial portals, to enhance visualization of the lateral wall. In addition, the arthroscope can be moved interchangeably throughout the portals during the procedure for improved viewing during specific steps. An accessory anteromedial portal placed inferiorly and medially allows placement of the femoral tunnels while providing a high central anteromedial portal for best visualization of the lateral wall. As a result, no notchplasty is required, and a more anatomic reconstruction can be performed

Topics: anterior curciate ligament, arthroscopy, humans, surgery, methods, Orthopedics
Publisher: Jefferson Digital Commons
Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:jdc.jefferson.edu:orthofp-1010

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