Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The relationship between work-related psychological health and psychological type among clergy serving in the Presbyterian Church (USA)

By Leslie J. Francis, Keith Wulff and Mandy Robbins


This study examines the relationship between work-related psychological health and the Jungian model of psychological type among a sample of 748 clergy serving within The Presbyterian Church (USA). Psychological type was assessed by the Francis Psychological Type Scales which provide classification in terms of orientation (extraversion or introversion), perceiving (sensing or intuition), judging (thinking or feeling) and attitude toward the outer world (extraverted judging or extraverted perceiving). Work-related psychological health was assessed by the Francis Burnout Inventory which distinguishes between positive affect (the Satisfaction in Ministry Scale) and negative affect (the Scale of Emotional Exhaustion in Ministry). The data demonstrated that these clergy display high levels of negative affect coupled with high levels of positive affect. The data also confirmed that the main association between work-related psychological health and psychological type is a function of the orientations (the source of psychological energy). Compared with clergy who prefer introversion, clergy who prefer extraversion display both higher levels of satisfaction in ministry and lower levels of emotional exhaustion in ministry. These findings are consistent with the theory that the extraverted nature of ministry requires introverted clergy to operate for considerable periods of time outside their preferred orientations, with the consequent loss of energy and the consequent erosion of psychological rewards. Strategies are suggested for enabling introverted clergy to cope more effectively and more efficiently with the extraverted demands of ministry

Topics: BF, BX
Publisher: Brill
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. doi
  2. (2004). Psychological type and sex differences among church leaders in the United Kingdom, doi
  3. (2005). Psychological types of male missionary personnel training in England: a role for thinking type men?, doi
  4. (2003). Scale development: Theory and applications, doi
  5. (1985). Personality and individual differences: A natural science approach. doi
  6. (2005). Faith and psychology: Personality, religion and the individual.
  7. (1992). The development of an abbreviated form of the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-A): Its use among students doi
  8. (2007). Psychological types of male evangelical Anglican seminarians in England.
  9. (1998). Personality and Christian belief among adult Psychological health and psychological type 19 churchgoers.
  10. (1999). Psychological type and tolerance for religious uncertainty.
  11. (2007). Psychology and youth ministry: psychological type preferences of Christian youth workers in the United Kingdom,
  12. (2005). Happy but exhausted? Workrelated psychological health among clergy.
  13. (2001). Psychological types of male Anglican clergy in Wales.
  14. (2001). Psychological types of male and female Bible College students in England. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  15. (2002). Psychological types of male evangelical church leaders. doi
  16. (2008). Psychological type preferences of male British Assemblies of God Bible College students: Tough minded or tender hearted? doi
  17. (1978). Please understand me. Del Mar, California: Prometheus Nemesis.
  18. (1988). Correlates of burnout among family practice residents. doi
  19. (1986). Myers-Briggs type indicator: Atlas of type tables.
  20. (1998). Manual: A guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. doi
  21. (1999). The relationships among personality type, coping strategies, and burnout in elementary teachers.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.