Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Prayer, purpose in life, and attitudes toward substances: a study among 13- to 15-year-olds in England and Wales

By Leslie J. Francis and Mandy Robbins


This study set out to examine the association between prayer frequency, purpose in life and attitude toward substances, among a sample of 2,563 13- to 15-year-old secondary school pupils in England and Wales. Multivariate models controlling for sex, school year and personality (as defined by the Eysenkian dimensional model) demonstrated that higher levels of purpose in life are associated with greater prayer frequency, and that more proscriptive attitudes toward substances are associated with both higher levels of purpose in life and greater prayer frequency. These findings are consistent with a model suggesting that prayer frequency promotes a more negative view of substances both directly and indirectly through cultivating a greater sense of purpose in life

Topics: BL, BF
Publisher: Saint Paul University
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1996). A comparison of Protestant ministers and parishioners on expressed purpose in life and intrinsic religious motivation. Psychology: A journal of human behaviour,
  2. (1991). Altruistic orientation in children: construction and validation of the Child Altruism Inventory, doi
  3. (1969). An historical review of the lie scale: with particular reference to the Maudsley Personality Inventory. Papers in
  4. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. doi
  5. (1978). Conversion experience, belief systems and personal ethical attitudes.
  6. (2003). Coping and defending: Age differences in maturity of defence mechanisms and coping strategies. doi
  7. (2001). Coping, meaning in life, and suicidal PRAYER, doi
  8. (1986). Depression, self-derogation, substance use, and suicide ideation: Lack of purpose in life as a mediational factor. doi
  9. (1992). Depression, suicidal preoccupation and purpose in life in a subclinical population. doi
  10. (2000). Does private religious activity prolong survival? A six-year follow-up study of 3,851 older adults. doi
  11. (1985). Empirical studies of Christian prayer: A review of the literature.
  12. (1980). Existential psychotherapy. doi
  13. (1991). Exploring neglected dimensions of religion in quality of life research. Lampeter:
  14. (1993). Future time, death anxiety, and life purpose among older adults. doi
  15. (1998). Happiness as stable extraversion: A cross-cultural examination of the reliability and validity of the Oxford Happiness Inventory among students in the UK, USA, Australia and Canada. Personality and Individual Differences, doi
  16. (1999). Happiness is a thing called stable extraversion: A further examination of the relationship between the Oxford Happiness Inventory and Eysenck’s dimensional model of personality and gender. doi
  17. (2001). Happiness, introversion-extraversion and happy introverts, doi
  18. (1869). Hereditary genius: An inquiry into its laws and consequences. London: Macmillan and Co. doi
  19. (1883). Inquiries into human faculty and its development. doi
  20. (1986). Life cycle and loss: The spiritual vacuum of heroin addiction. doi
  21. (1986). Life events and substance use among adolescents: Mediating effects of perceived loss of control and meaninglessness in life. doi
  22. (2007). Listening to prayers: an analysis of prayers left in a country church in rural England. Archiv für Religionspsychologie, doi
  23. (1975). Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (adult and junior), London: Hodder and Stoughton. doi
  24. (1991). Manual of the Eysenck Personality Scales. London: Hodder and Stoughton. doi
  25. (1994). Meaning in life and adolescent antisocial and prosocial behaviour in a Chinese context.
  26. (1992). Meaning in life and psychological well-being: An empirical study using the Chinese version of the Purpose in Life Questionnaire. doi
  27. (1999). Mental health, prayer and church attendance among primary school teachers. doi
  28. (1987). Neuroticism, extraversion and meaning of life: a comparative study of criminals and non-criminals. doi
  29. (1986). Nuclear attitudes and reactions: Associations with depression, drug use, and quality of life. doi
  30. (1992). On the relation between meaning in life and psychological well-being. doi
  31. (2009). Ordinary prayer and the rural church: An empirical study of prayer cards. doi
  32. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. doi
  33. (2002). Personality and spirituality: Christian prayer and Eastern meditation are not the same.
  34. (1994). Personality, prayer and church attendance among 16- to 18-year-old girls in England. doi
  35. (1995). Personality, prayer and church attendance among US female adults. doi
  36. (1997). Personality, prayer and church attendance in later life. doi
  37. (1997). Personality, prayer, and church attendance among undergraduate students. doi
  38. (1996). Personality, prayer, and church attendance in a sample of male college students in the USA. doi
  39. (1988). Positive therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer in a coronary care unit population. doi
  40. (1931). Prayer and its psychology.
  41. (1989). Prayer experience and religious orientation. doi
  42. (1996). Prayer, church attendance and personality revisited: A study among 16- to 19-year-old girls. doi
  43. (2006). Prayer, purpose in life, personality, and social attitudes among non-churchgoing 13-to 15-year-olds in England and Wales.
  44. (2003). Praying for others, financial strain, and physical health status in late life. doi
  45. (2008). Praying in a secularized society: An empirical study of praying practice and varieties. doi
  46. (1989). Praying practices. doi
  47. (1993). Predicting alcohol use in rural children: a longitudinal study, doi
  48. (1996). Private prayer, public worship and personality among 11-15 year old adolescents. doi
  49. (1989). Psychoticism and purpose in life. doi
  50. (1976). Psychoticism as a dimension of personality. London: Hodder and Stoughton. doi
  51. (1994). Purpose in life among gay men with HIV disease.
  52. (2001). Purpose in life and depressive symptoms in persons living with HIV disease. doi
  53. (1994). Purpose in life and outcome of treatment for alcohol dependence. doi
  54. (2005). Purpose in life and prayer among Catholic and Protestant adolescents in Northern Ireland. doi
  55. (1975). Purpose in life and religious orientation.
  56. (1975). Purpose in life as related to specific values. doi
  57. (1974). Purpose-in-life and the Eysenck Personality Inventory. doi
  58. (1987). Relations of hassles and personality to subjective wellbeing. doi
  59. (1996). Relationship between personal prayer and schoolrelated attitudes among 11-16 year old girls. doi
  60. (2000). Religion, personality and wellbeing: The relationship between church attendance and purpose in life among undergraduates attending an Anglican College in Wales.
  61. (1997). Religiosity and happiness: No evidence for an association among undergraduates. doi
  62. (2006). Religiosity and mental health: A further exploration of the relative importance of religious behaviours versus religious attitudes. doi
  63. (1988). Religiosity, life meaning and wellbeing: Some relationships in a sample of women. doi
  64. (1977). Religious orientation and meaning in life. doi
  65. (1987). Religious orientation and prayer experience. doi
  66. (1986). Response bias, social desirability and dissimulation. doi
  67. (2003). Scale development: Theory and applications.
  68. (1990). Self-esteem and purpose in life: A comparative study of women alcoholics.
  69. (1996). Self-transcendence and correlates in a healthy population. doi
  70. (1975). Social attitude correlates of sensation-seeking in psychiatric patients. doi
  71. (1993). Spirituality and purpose in life in alcoholism recovery. doi
  72. (1872). Statistical inquiries into the efficacy of prayer. doi
  73. (2006). Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: a multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer. doi
  74. (1996). The development of an abbreviated form of the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (JEPQR-A) among 13-15 year olds. Personality and Individual Differences, doi
  75. (2001). The divided self revisited: Effects of selfconcept clarity and self-concept differentiation on psychological adjustment. doi
  76. (1991). The effects of prayer and prayer experiences on general wellbeing.
  77. (1993). The effects of prayer on mental well-being.
  78. (1980). The Eysenck Personality Inventory lie scale: lack of insight or ...?
  79. (1994). The influence of personal prayer on purpose in life among Catholic adolescents. doi
  80. (1992). The influence of religion, gender and social class on attitudes toward school among eleven year olds in England. doi
  81. (1916). The psychology of religion. doi
  82. (1986). The Purpose in Life Questionnaire under a Chinese context: Some psychometric and normative data.
  83. (2000). The relationship between bible reading and purpose in life among 13-15 year olds. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  84. (1999). The relationship between meaning in life and mental well-being. doi
  85. (1996). The relationship between personal prayer and purpose in life among churchgoing and non-churchgoing 12-15 year olds in the UK. doi
  86. (2001). Toward a tripartite factor structure of mental health: Subjective well-being, personal growth and religiosity. doi
  87. (1972). Towards the interpretation of children's lie scale scores. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.