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Innovation policy in seven candidate countries : Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey : highlights from the final report

By Entrepreneurship and SMEs Industry European Commission. Directorate-General for Internal Market

Abstract

Acknowledgement: The University of Malta would like to acknowledge its gratitude to the European Commission, Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs for their permission to upload this work on OAR@UoM. Further reuse of this document can be made, provided the source is acknowledged. This work was made available with the help of the Publications Office of the European Union, Copyright and Legal Issues Section.“Innovation is viewed as a multi-dimensional concept, which\ud goes beyond technological innovation to encompass, for\ud example, new means of distribution, marketing or design.\ud Innovation is thus not only limited to high-tech sectors\ud of the economy, but rather is an omnipresent driver for\ud growth.” - Commission Communication of March 2003 on Innovation Policy. The EU has placed innovation at the\ud heart of its economic policy objectives\ud since the mid 1990s. This growing\ud emphasis culminated in the new\ud strategic goal - set by the Lisbon\ud European Council in March 2000 -\ud that the European Union (EU) should\ud become the most competitive and\ud dynamic knowledge-based economy\ud in the world, capable of sustaining\ud economic growth with more and better\ud jobs and greater social cohesion\ud by the year 2010.\ud The Commission Communication\ud of March 2003 on Innovation policy\ud sets out a vision of innovation\ud which integrates diverse factors\ud into a coherent whole. This whole\ud will embrace scientifi c research,\ud technology development, product\ud design, marketing, organisation\ud structure and training and\ud development. It is against this\ud model that the CC7 countries must\ud measure themselves. This study set out to examine and\ud analyse the current framework conditions\ud for innovation in the Helsinki\ud group of candidate countries. This\ud group consists of Bulgaria, Latvia,\ud Lithuania, Malta, the Slovak Republic\ud and Romania, (the CC7). It was the\ud second of two such studies: the fi rst\ud study was carried out during the\ud period June 2000 to September 2001\ud and covered the so-called\ud Luxembourg Group (the CC6). This\ud second study was carried out during\ud the 15-month period from October\ud 2001 to December 2002.N/

Topics: Competition -- European Union countries, Competition -- Malta, Competition -- Bulgaria, Competition -- Latvia, Competition -- Lithuania, Competition -- Romania, Competition -- Slovakia, Competition -- Turkey, Technological innovations -- European Union countries, European Union countries -- Economic conditions
Publisher: European Commission. Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:www.um.edu.mt:123456789/4848
Provided by: OAR@UM

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