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Phonological awareness in two groups at first elementary grade students of public and subventioned schools

By Jeniffer Aravena T.

Abstract

El objetivo del estudio fue describir el desempeño de conciencia fonológica en escolares que inician primero básico. El grupo de estudio estaba constituido por 100 niños chilenos1 de nivel socioeconómico bajo, pertenecientes a colegios municipales y particulares subvencionados de la Región Metropolitana. Se evaluó el desempeño, mediante la prueba de conciencia fonológica. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que al iniciar primero básico, un 56% de los escolares presenta un desarrollo de conciencia fonológica bajo el promedio esperado para su edad. Por otra parte el análisis del desempeño de cada subprueba muestra diferencias significativas asociadas a la complejidad de las tareaThe aim of this study was to describe the phonological awareness performance in students starting first grade in elementary school, considering the type educational institution they attend. The study group consisted of 100 Chilean children, low socioeconomic status, enrolled in public schools and state-funded private schools in the Metropolitan Region. The development of phonological awareness was assessed using a test for phonological awareness. The results show that, at the beginning of first grade, 56% of students show a low development of phonological awareness. In addition, the analysis of the level of performance on each sub-test shows significant differences linked to the complexity of the tasks. Furthermore, it was found that students attending state-funded private schools performed better in phonological awareness than students in public schools

Publisher: Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Fonoaudiología
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.5354/rcdf.v13i0.32102
OAI identifier: oai:ojs.revistas.uchile.cl:article/32102

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