Location of Repository

Sociology and the nation-state : beyond methodological nationalism

By Daniel Chernilo


The equation between society and the nation-state in sociology has been subject to\ud severe criticisms in recent times. This equation has been given the name of\ud ‘methodological nationalism’ and is underpinned by a reading of the history of\ud sociology in which the discipline’s key concept, society, and modernity’s major sociopolitical\ud referent, the nation-state, allegedly converge. At the critical level, my thesis\ud argues that this is too restrictive a view of the history of the discipline and at the\ud positive level it reconstructs the conventional version of sociology’s canon in relation\ud to nation-states. The first part of the thesis surveys the main trends in the current\ud sociological mainstream, reviews the rise of the critique of methodological nationalism\ud and establishes a distinction between a referential and a regulative role of the idea of\ud society in sociology. The body of the thesis constructs a history of the sociology of the\ud nation-state in its classical (K. Marx, M. Weber and E. Durkheim), modernist (T.\ud Parsons and historical sociology) and cosmopolitan (U. Beck and M. Castells)\ud moments. As an essay on the history of sociology, this thesis seeks to uncover how the\ud conceptual ambivalences of sociology reflect the actual ambivalences in the position\ud and legacy of nation-states in modernity

Topics: H1, JC
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:3656

Suggested articles



  1. (1983). (eds.) Modernity and Technology, doi
  2. (2001). (eds) The other mirror. Grand theory through the lens of Latin America, doi
  3. (1976). [1848] ‘Manifesto of the Communist Party’in Marx, doi
  4. (1918). [1852] Revolution and counter-revolution or Germany in 1848, Glasgow: The socialist labour press.
  5. (1984). [1852] The Eighteenth of Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, doi
  6. (1978). [1853] ‘The future results of British rule in India’
  7. (1987). [1859] ‘A contribution to the critique of political economy’ doi
  8. (1978). [1870-1] ‘The civil war in France’ doi
  9. (1956). [1884] ‘The decay of feudalism and the rise of national states’ in Engels, F. The Peasant War in Germany, Moscow: Foreign Languages publishing House.
  10. (1962). [1884] ‘Über den Verfall des Feudalismus und das Aufkommen der Bourgeoisie’
  11. (1994). [1895] ‘The problem of sociology’, doi
  12. (1970). [1897] Suicide, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. doi
  13. (1992). [1904-5] The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, doi
  14. (1959). [1928] Socialism and Saint-Simon, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  15. (1990). [1931] ‘Emile Durkheim and the Philosophy of Nationalism’ in doi
  16. (1999). [1947] ‘Max Weber on Race’
  17. (2002). [1984] Georg Simmel, doi
  18. (1967). 18 lectures on industrial society, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  19. 1964a [1902] ‘Preface to the second edition. Some notes on occupational groups’ in Durkheim, E. The division of labor in society, NY:
  20. 1964b [1893] The division of labor in society, NY:
  21. 1964c [1895] The rules of sociological Method,
  22. 1967a ‘Durkheim's contribution to the theory of integration of social systems’
  23. 1967b ‘On the Concept of Political Power’
  24. 1967c ‘On the Concept of Influence’
  25. 1967d ‘Evolutionary Universals
  26. 1969a ‘Full Citizenship for the Negro American?’ in Parsons, T. Politics and social structure,
  27. 1969b [1961] ‘Order and community in the international social system’ in Parsons, T. Politics and social structure,
  28. (1918). 1970a [1919] ‘Science as a Vocation’
  29. 1970b ‘The Nation’
  30. 1970c ‘The social psychology of the world religions’ in
  31. 1970d ‘The Protestant sects and the spirit of capitalism’
  32. 1970e ‘Religious rejections of the world and their directions’ in
  33. 1973a [1889] ‘Tonnies, F., Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft’ in Cahnman, W. (ed) Ferdinand Tonnies. A new evaluation, doi
  34. 1973b [1900] ‘Sociology in France in the Nineteenth Century’
  35. 1973c [1883] ‘Address to the Lyceens of Sens’
  36. 1973d [1890] ‘The principles of 1789 and Sociology’
  37. 1973e [1898] ‘Individualism and the Intellectuals’ in
  38. 1975b ‘Western state-making and theories of political transformation’ in Tilly, Ch. (ed) The formation of national-states in
  39. 1977a ‘The Social Interaction’ in Parsons, T. Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory, doi
  40. 1977b ‘The Social Systems’ in Parsons, T. Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory, doi
  41. 1978a [1844] ‘On the Jewish Question’ in
  42. 1978b [1844] ‘Contribution to the critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right: Introduction’ doi
  43. 1978c [1845] ‘Theses on Feuerbach’
  44. 1978d [1849] ‘Wage Labour Capital’ in
  45. 1978e [1875] ‘Critique of the Gotha Program’ doi
  46. 1978g [1853] ‘The British rule in India’
  47. 1981a ‘Uneven development and nationalism: doi
  48. 1981b ‘Uneven development and nationalism: II’, doi
  49. 1983a ‘Introduction: Inventing traditions’ doi
  50. 1983b ‘Mass-producing traditions: Europe 1870-1914’ in doi
  51. 1984a ‘Sociology’s historical imagination’ in Skocpol, T. (ed) Vision and Method in Historical Sociology, Cambridge: doi
  52. 1993a [1938] ‘Nazi destroy learning, challenge religion’,
  53. 1993a The sources of social power Vol. II. The rise of classes and nation states, 1760-1914. Cambridge: doi
  54. 1993b ‘Nation-states in Europe and other continents: Diversifying, developing, not dying’,
  55. 1993b [1930] ‘Academic freedom’,
  56. 1993c [1940] ‘Memorandum: The development of groups and organization amenable to use against American institutions and foreign policy and possible measures of prevention’,
  57. 1993d [1940] ‘New dark ages if the Nazis should win’,
  58. 1993e [1942] ‘The sociology of modern anti-Semitism’,
  59. 1993f [1942] ‘Max Weber and the contemporary political crisis’, doi
  60. 1993g ‘Sociological reflections on the United States in relation to the European War’,
  61. 1993h [1942] ‘Some sociological aspects of the fascists movements’,
  62. 1993i [1942] ‘National Socialism and the German people’
  63. 1993j [1942] ‘Democracy and social structure in Pre-Nazi Germany’,
  64. 1993k [1942] ‘Propaganda and social control’,
  65. 1993l [1945] ‘Racial and religious differences as factors in group tensions’,
  66. 1993m [1945] ‘The problem of controlled institutional change: An essay in applied social science’,
  67. 1993n [1947] ‘Certain primary sources and patterns of aggression in the social structure of the Western world’,
  68. 1994a [1895] ‘The Nation State and Economic Policy’
  69. 1994b [1917] ‘Suffrage and Democracy’
  70. 1994c [1918] ‘Socialism’
  71. 1994d [1919] ‘The profession and vocation of politics’
  72. 2000a What is globalization?,
  73. 2000b ‘Mobile sociology’, doi
  74. 2000b The brave new world of work,
  75. 2000c ‘The cosmopolitan perspective: sociology of the second age of modernity’, doi
  76. 2002a ‘The cosmopolitan society and its enemies’, doi
  77. 2002b ‘The terrorist threat. World risk society revisited’, doi
  78. (1992). A communitarian defense of liberalism: Emile Durkheim and contemporary social theory, Stanford: doi
  79. (1994). A critical review of Barrington Moore’s Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy’ in Skocpol, T. Social revolutions in the modern world, Cambridge: doi
  80. (2001). A history and theory of the social sciences. doi
  81. (1965). A history of modern France. doi
  82. (1965). A main theme of contemporary sociological analysis: Its achievements and limitations, doi
  83. (2000). A political economy of new times? Critical reflections on the network society and the ethos of informational capitalism’, doi
  84. (2001). A rejoinder to Abell and Reyniers’ “Failure of Social Theory”’, doi
  85. (1997). A sociological guilt trip: doi
  86. (1994). A sociology of modernity. Liberty and discipline. London & doi
  87. (2002). Acción comunicativa y razón sin transcendencia,
  88. (2003). Afterword: Why historical sociology?’, doi
  89. (1995). Age of extremes: The short twentieth century, 1914-1991, doi
  90. (1982). All that is solid melts into air, doi
  91. (1961). An Outline of the Social System’ in
  92. (1999). Another modernity, a different rationality, doi
  93. (2003). As intellectual history meets historical sociology: historical sociology after the linguistic turn’ in doi
  94. (1981). As sociology meets history, doi
  95. (1975). Aspects of sociology, doi
  96. (2002). Beck’s sociology of risk: A critical assessment’, doi
  97. (1999). Bestiality and Humanity: A war on the border between legality and morality’, doi
  98. (1988). Between literature and science: The rise of sociology, Cambridge: doi
  99. (1984). Big structures, large processes, huge comparisons, doi
  100. (2002). Blood and debt: War and the nation-state in Latin America, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State doi
  101. (1971). Capitalism and modern social theory, Cambridge: doi
  102. (1991). Capitalism and Modernity, doi
  103. (1998). Certainty and order, liberty and contingency. The birth of social science as empirical political philosophy’ doi
  104. (1976). Class and conflict in industrial society, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  105. (2001). Class relations and democratization. A reassessment of Barrington Moore’s model’
  106. (1992). Coercion, capital, and European states, doi
  107. (2003). Comparative historical analysis. Achievements and agendas’ doi
  108. (1997). Comparative sociology and social theory. Beyond the three worlds,
  109. (1963). Concepts and generalisations in comparative sociological studies’, doi
  110. (1996). Conditions of Liberty: civil society and its rivals, doi
  111. (1973). Critique of Pure Reason. doi
  112. (1998). Culture without society’, doi
  113. (1994). Debating Durkheim, London & doi
  114. (2000). Deciphering information technologies. Modern societies as networks’, doi
  115. (2002). Democracy and the rule of law, doi
  116. (1998). Democracy without enemies,
  117. (1984). Discovering facts and values: The historical sociology of Barrington Moore’ doi
  118. (1971). Discussion on Max Weber and Power-politics’
  119. (1965). Durkheim and History’ doi
  120. (1984). Durkheim and Modern Sociology, Cambridge: doi
  121. (1994). Durkheim and the national question’ in
  122. (1973). Durkheim as pacifist’, doi
  123. (2001). Durkheim reconsidered, doi
  124. (2000). Durkheim, doi
  125. (1996). Durkheim, morals and modernity, doi
  126. (1964). Durkheim: the man, his time and his intellectual background’
  127. (1964). Durkheim’s conservatism and its implications for his sociological theory’
  128. (1985). Durkheim’s political sociology: corporatism, state autonomy, and democracy’,
  129. (1964). Durkheim’s politics and political theory’
  130. (1978). Economy and Society, doi
  131. (1956). Economy and Society, London and NY: Routdlege and Kegan Paul and The
  132. (2002). Editorial. Internationalism: a breviary’,
  133. (1998). El concepto de sociedad’ in Luhmann, N. Complejidad y Modernidad: de la unidad a la diferencia,
  134. (1991). Elements of the philosophy of right, Cambridge: doi
  135. (1984). Emerging agendas and recurrents strategies in historical sociology’ doi
  136. (1968). Emile Durkheim and the institutionalization of sociology in the French university system’, doi
  137. (1982). Emile Durkheim, doi
  138. (1992). Emile Durkheim. His Life and Work: a historical and critical study, doi
  139. (1979). Emile Durkheim’ doi
  140. (2000). Empire, doi
  141. (1986). Engels and the ‘nonhistoric’ peoples: the national question in the revolution of 1848,
  142. (1994). Enlightenment and the institution of society: Notes for a conceptual history’
  143. (2003). Entangled modernities’, doi
  144. (1995). European modernity and beyond. The trajectory of European societies 1945-2000, doi
  145. (1994). Evidence and explanation in history and sociology: critical reflections on Goldthorpe’s critique of historical sociology’, doi
  146. (1998). Explanation in historical sociology: Narrative, general theory, and historically specific theory’, doi
  147. (1978). Formal and Substantive Voluntarism in the Work of Talcott Parsons: A Theoretical and Ideological Reinterpretation’, doi
  148. (1993). From national movement to the fully-formed nation. The nationbuilding process in
  149. (1995). From post-industrial to post-modern society, doi
  150. (2000). From sociology to historical social science: prospects and obstacles’ doi
  151. (1977). Functionalism: apres la lutte’
  152. (1977). Generalized media and the problem of contingency’ in
  153. (1915). Germany above all,
  154. (2001). Globalisation as Violence’,
  155. (2000). Globalisation, the nation-state and global society’, doi
  156. (2000). Globalization. A critical introduction, doi
  157. (2000). Globalization. Social theory and global culture, doi
  158. (1991). Handbook of historical sociology, London: Sage Camic,
  159. (1997). Has globalization ended the rise and rise of the nation-state?’, doi
  160. (1982). Historical Sociology, doi
  161. (1984). Historical sociology: Its origins and development, doi
  162. (1980). History and the social sciences: the longue durée’ in Braudel On History, doi
  163. (1910). How is society possible?’, doi
  164. (2002). Identifying the Unprecedented: Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the critique of sociology’, doi
  165. (2000). Identity and modernity in Latin America, doi
  166. (1990). Ideology and the development of sociological theory, doi
  167. (1959). Images of society and problems of concept formation in sociology’
  168. (1991). Imagined Communities, doi
  169. (1994). In defence of ‘grand’ historical sociology’, doi
  170. (1994). In praise of macro-sociology: a reply to Goldthorpe’, doi
  171. (1990). Individualism and legitimation: paradoxes and perspectives on the political sociology of Emile Durkheim’, doi
  172. (2000). Inequality and Mobilization in The Information Age’, doi
  173. (1999). Integración y Diferenciación. La teoría de los medios simbólicamente generalizados como programa progresivo de investigación, Thesis submitted for the Professional Degree of Sociology, doi
  174. (1998). International relations and historical sociology. Breaking down boundaries, London and NY: doi
  175. (2003). Interpreting the Fall of a Monument’, doi
  176. (1970). Introduction in ‘From Max Weber. Essays in Sociology’ London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. doi
  177. (1959). Introduction to the first edition’
  178. (2002). Introduction: Conceiving cosmopolitanism’, in doi
  179. (1996). Introduction: from the moment of social history to the work of cultural representation’
  180. (2003). Introduction: Reorienting historical sociology in doi
  181. (1993). Introduction: Talcott Parsons’s Sociology of National Socialism’ doi
  182. (1973). Introduction’ in Durkheim, E. On Morality and Society, doi
  183. (1986). Introduction’ in Giddens, A. (ed) Durkheim on politics and the state, doi
  184. (1986). Introduction’ in Rosdolsky, R. Engels and the ‘nonhistoric’ peoples: the national question in the revolution of 1848,
  185. (1994). Introduction’ in Weber, M Political Writings, Cambridge:
  186. (1999). Introductory Essay: The Parsons Agenda’
  187. (1999). Jeneseits von Soziologie und soziokultureller Anthropologie: Zur Ortsbestimmung der nichtwestlichen Welt in einer zukünftigen Sozialtheorie’,
  188. (1994). John Goldthorpe and the relics of sociology’, doi
  189. (2003). Jürgen Habermas’s theory of cosmopolitanisn’, doi
  190. (1998). Kant’s idea of Perpetual Peace: At two hundred years’ historical remove’ in Habermas, J. The Inclusion of the Other,
  191. (1977). Karl Marx’s theory of revolution. I: State and bureaucracy, NY & London: Monthly Review doi
  192. (2003). Knowledge accumulation in comparative historical research. : The case of democracy and authoritarianism’ doi
  193. (1972). Knowledge and human interest doi
  194. (1969). Kritische und konservative Aufgaben der Soziologie’
  195. (2000). Liberalism in Germany,
  196. (1998). Limitations of rational choice theory’, doi
  197. (1971). Marx and Engels on the National Question’, doi
  198. (1991). Marx, Marginalism and modern sociology. From Adam Smith to Max Weber, doi
  199. (1976). Marxists and the National Question’,
  200. (1965). Max Weber 1864-1964’, doi
  201. (1984). Max Weber and German Politics 1890-1920, doi
  202. (1971). Max Weber and Sociology Today, doi
  203. (1974). Max Weber and the theory of Modern Politics, doi
  204. (1966). Max Weber: An intellectual portrait, doi
  205. (1993). Max Weber’s Political Sociology and his Philosophy of World History
  206. (2002). Modernidades múltiples y encuentro de civilizaciones’ MAD 6, http://sociales.uchile.cl/publicaciones/mad/06/paper01.htm (Last access: doi
  207. (1992). Modernity and Politics in the work of Max Weber, doi
  208. (1991). Modernity and the Holocaust, doi
  209. (2001). Modernity, capitalism and critique’, Thesis Eleven 66, doi
  210. (1999). Modernity: a non-European conceptualization’, doi
  211. (2000). Multiple modernities’, doi
  212. (2001). Nation and citizenship in the global age. From national to transnational ties and identities, doi
  213. (1964). Nation-building and citizenship. Studies of our changing social order, NY & London: doi
  214. (2003). Nation-states in history’ in
  215. (1983). National Communism, doi
  216. (1999). National Socialism and the politics of The Structure of Social Action’,
  217. (1983). Nationalism and classical social theory’, doi
  218. (1985). Nationalism and the State, doi
  219. (1990). Nationalism in France. Class and nation since 1789, doi
  220. (1979). Nationalism in the twentieth century, doi
  221. (1999). Nationalism, political community and the representation of society. Or, why feeling is not a substitute for public space’, doi
  222. (1996). Nationhood and political theory, doi
  223. (1994). Nations and nationalism since 1780, Cambridge: doi
  224. (1999). of The information age: economy, society and culture’, doi
  225. (1982). On Institutions and Social Evolution, doi
  226. (1989). On Max Weber, doi
  227. (1963). On revolution, doi
  228. (1958). Out of utopia: Towards a reorientation of sociological analysis’, doi
  229. (2001). Parsons’s analysis of the societal community’ in
  230. (1965). Political critiques of Max Weber: Some implications for Political Sociology’ doi
  231. (2001). Political investigations. doi
  232. (1992). Politics and Scholarship: The two icons in Max Weber’s life in Mommsen, W. “The political and social theory of Max Weber. Collected Essays” Chicago,
  233. (1972). Politics and sociology in the thought of Max Weber, doi
  234. (1986). Powers and Liberties, doi
  235. (1969). Pre-capitalist economic formations,
  236. (1992). Preface to the second edition’ doi
  237. (1997). Problematics of sociology, doi
  238. (1992). Professional Ethics and Civic Morals, doi
  239. (1995). Realist social theory: The morphogenetic approach, Cambridge: doi
  240. (1995). Really existing nationalisms. A Post-Communist view from Marx and Engels, doi
  241. (2002). Reconnaissance wars of the planetary frontierland’, doi
  242. (1975). Reflections on the history of European state-making’ in Tilly, Ch. (ed) The formation of national-states in
  243. (1994). Reflexive Modernization, doi
  244. (1980). Regional modes of production and patterns of state formation in doi
  245. (1998). Regulative ideas or sense events? An attempt to determine the logos of hermeneutics’ in Karl-Otto Apel From a transcendental point of view. Manchester: doi
  246. (1998). Review of The power of identity, doi
  247. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity, doi
  248. (1999). Runaway World,
  249. (1939). Scholarly forerunners of fascism’, doi
  250. (1967). Social origins of dictatorship and democracy. Lord and Peasant in the making of the modern world, doi
  251. (1986). Social preconditions of national revival in Europe, Cambridge: doi
  252. (1988). Social theory and the break with tradition’ in
  253. (1982). Social Theory as Science, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  254. (1986). Society. London: Ellis Horwood and Tavistock.
  255. (1988). Sociological metatheory: A defense of a subfield by a delineation of its parameters’, doi
  256. (1995). Sociological theory: What went wrong? Diagnoses and remedies, doi
  257. (1963). Sociology at the Crossroads’ in doi
  258. (2000). Sociology beyond societies, doi
  259. (2003). Sociology without societies’, doi
  260. (2003). Taking the ‘ism’ out of cosmopolitanism: an essay in reconstruction’, doi
  261. (1985). Talcott Parsons and the capitalist nation-state, doi
  262. (1981). Talcott Parsons and the theory of action. doi
  263. (2002). Talcott Parsons. An intellectual biography, Cambridge: doi
  264. (1994). The “New Nationalism” and Democracy: A critique of Pro Patria’, doi
  265. (1974). The age of bureaucracy, doi
  266. (1996). The age of revolution 1789 -1848, doi
  267. (1992). The antinomical structure of Max Weber’s political though in Mommsen, W. “The political and social theory of Max Weber. Collected Essays” Chicago, doi
  268. (2002). The class consciousness of frequent travellers: towards a critique of actually existing cosmopolitanism’, doi
  269. (1973). The Class structure of the Advanced Societies, doi
  270. (1977). The coming crisis of Western sociology, doi
  271. (1974). The coming of post-industrial society, doi
  272. (2003). The compelling tangle of modernity and technology’
  273. (1984). The constitution of society, doi
  274. (2003). The contested rise of a modernist technology politics’,
  275. (1998). The debate on historical sociology: Rational choice and its critics’, doi
  276. (1999). The development of Durkheim’s social realism, Cambridge: doi
  277. (1978). The development of the modern state, doi
  278. (2002). The dissolution of society within the “Social”’, doi
  279. (1992). The emergence of modern European nationalism’ in doi
  280. (1991). The end of sociological theory: The postmodern hope’, doi
  281. (1995). The end of the nation state: The rise of regional economies, doi
  282. (1997). The fetishism of modernities. Epochal Self-consciousness in contemporary social and political thought, doi
  283. (2000). The follies of globalisation theory, doi
  284. (1990). The French historical revolution, doi
  285. (2001). The French Revolution, doi
  286. (1993). The French state in question, Cambridge:
  287. (1940). The genesis and character of English nationalism’, doi
  288. (1992). The Global accumulation of Capital and the periodisation of the Capitalist State Form’
  289. (1996). The Global Age, doi
  290. (2002). The global complexities doi
  291. (1994). The god of modernity. The development of nationalism in doi
  292. (1996). The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, 3 Vols, doi
  293. (2001). The metaphorical society, doi
  294. (1961). The mind of Germany. The education of a nation, doi
  295. (1976). The nation in the history of Marxian thought, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. doi
  296. (1985). The Nation-State and Violence. Volume two of a contemporary critique of historical materialism, doi
  297. (1998). The Nation-State, protestant ethic and modernization’
  298. (1940). The national idea in France before the revolution’, doi
  299. (1976). The normative structure of sociology. Conservative and emancipatory themes in social thought, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. doi
  300. (1992). The notion of bourgeois revolution’
  301. (1958). The Origins of Totalitarianism, doi
  302. (2001). The place of Max Weber in the Post-Structure writings of Talcott Parsons’
  303. (1962). The Point of View of the Author’
  304. (2002). The political shape of the new Europe, or, historizing political modernity,
  305. (1971). The post-industrial society,
  306. (2001). The postnational constellation and the future of democracy’ in Habermas, J. The postnational constellation, doi
  307. (1976). The reconstructing of social and political theory,
  308. (1997). The reinvention of politics. Rethinking modernity in the global social order, doi
  309. (1991). The rise of Historical Sociology, doi
  310. (1995). The rise of social theory. doi
  311. (1997). The rise of the network society’, doi
  312. (1981). The rise of Western rationalism. Max Weber’s developmental history, doi
  313. (1991). The role of general theory in comparative-historical sociology’, doi
  314. (1980). The social and political thought of Karl Marx, Cambridge: doi
  315. (1959). The sociological imagination, NY: doi
  316. (1967). The sociological tradition, doi
  317. (1986). The sources of social power Vol. I. A history of power from the beginning to A.D. 1760, Cambridge: doi
  318. (1968). The structure of social action, 2 Vols.
  319. (1971). The system of modern societies, doi
  320. (2002). The theorization of social co-ordinations in differentiated societies. The theory of generalized symbolic media in Parsons, Luhmann and Habermas’, doi
  321. (1987). The theory of communicative action. doi
  322. (1998). The third way. The renewal of social democracy, doi
  323. (1990). The tourist gaze. Leisure and travel in contemporary societies, doi
  324. (1990). The two faces of sociology: Global or National?’ doi
  325. (1994). The uses of history in sociology: a reply’ doi
  326. (1991). The uses of history in sociology: reflections on some recent tendencies’, doi
  327. (1990). The varieties of nation state in modern history: liberal, imperialist, fascist and contemporary notions of nation and nationality’
  328. (1967). The World of Nations. A study of the national implications in the work of Karl Marx, doi
  329. (1984). Theoretical generalization and historical particularity in the comparative sociology of Reinhard Bendix’ doi
  330. (1989). Theories of development. Capitalism, colonialism and dependency, doi
  331. (2002). Theories of the information society, doi
  332. (2001). Theorizing modernity. doi
  333. (1987). Theory of Action: Towards a New Synthesis Going Beyond Parsons, London: Routdlege & Kegan Paul.
  334. (1974). Time and theory in sociology’,
  335. (2003). Toward a new critical theory with a cosmopolitan intent’, doi
  336. (1967). Tradition and modernity reconsidered’, doi
  337. (2002). Ulrich Becks “Zweite Moderne” un der Neoliberalismus’,
  338. (2003). War and Modernity, doi
  339. (1998). We’re no angels”: Realism, rational choice, and relationality in social science’, doi
  340. (1971). Weber and Sociology Today Oxford:
  341. (1986). Weberian sociological theory Cambridge: doi
  342. (1998). What is social theory?,
  343. (1986). Whose nation?: class and national consciousness doi
  344. (1997). Why is classical theory classical?’, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.