Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Managing social risk through stakeholder partnership building : empirical descriptive process analysis of stakeholder partnerships from British Petroleum in Colombia and Hoechst in Germany for the management of social risk

By Jörg Andriof


This thesis sets out to provide a systematic study of stakeholder partnership building of BP in\ud Colombia and Hoechst in Germany in the context of social risk management. Each company\ud built an NGO and a community partnership that became an integral part of firms' strategy. In\ud examining and evaluating the two companies and the four stakeholder partnerships, the\ud leading research question of how firms build stakeholder partnerships is answered. The\ud present study seeks to identify the characteristics of stakeholder partnership building, as well\ud as to isolate the similarities and differences of this process. Additionally, it is an attempt to\ud define the features of the firms' social risk navigation as context of this research project.\ud The thesis is divided into four parts. The first part introduces the research phenomenon,\ud reviews conceptual foundations, and elaborates methodological issues. The case studies of\ud BP and Hoechst are subdivided into internal processes of social integration and reintegration\ud with regard to the two companies, and external processes of partnership building with regard\ud to the four stakeholder partnerships that are chronologically presented in part two. Part three\ud conceptualises stakeholder partnership building in terms of navigating social risk and\ud partnership alchemy. Finally, part four comprises the research synopsis and reflection.\ud Business and society, stakeholder theory, and strategic relationships are the theoretical\ud areas that contributed to the framework for analysing partnership building. Two longitudinal\ud in-depth case studies provide qualitative data for the processual analysis. The empirical data\ud are categorised, aggregated and compared, in order to extract research findings.\ud The contribution of this research is the extension of behavioural stakeholder theory. It\ud develops is a stakeholder partnership building theory that comprises three parts. First, the 4-Ps of stakeholder partnership building are identified. Second, variables are isolated that\ud describe these elements of partnership alchemy. Finally, four patterns of stakeholder\ud partnership building are identified. As a result, the research presents four propositions for\ud partnership building. Based on the analysis of firms' navigation of social risk, a fifth\ud proposition distinguishes between firm-specific and partnership-specific partnership building.\ud The empirical data provides a contribution to knowledge in its own right by providing detailed\ud insight into the practice of social risk management through stakeholder partnership building

Topics: HD
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. 999b). Risk. Reith Lecturers 1999. Runaway World.
  2. (1963). A behavioral theory of the firm. Englewood Cliffs,
  3. (1997). A classification system for understanding individual differences in temporal orientation among processual researchers and organizational informants.
  4. (1979). A conceptual framework of environmental analysis of social issues and evaluation of business response patterns.
  5. (1977). A dynamic theory of racial income differences. In
  6. (1981). A need-hierarchy framework for assessing corporate social responsibility.
  7. (1975). A note on the Boston Consulting Group concept of competitive analysis and corporate strategy. Boston: Intercollegiate Case Clearing House,
  8. (1989). A profile of doctoral dissertations in strategic management: A note.
  9. (1984). A Resource-based view of the firm.
  10. (1996). A resource-based-view of the socially responsible firm: Stakeholder interdependence, ethical awareness, and issue responsiveness as strategic assets.
  11. (1998). A shrewd business strategy: Opportunities to create sustainable earning. Future. The Hoechst Magazine,
  12. (1994). A social movement perspective on corporate control.
  13. (1997). A stakeholder approach to strategic performance measurement. Sloan Management Review, (Spring Issue),
  14. (1995). A stakeholder framework for analysing and evaluating corporate social performance.
  15. (1983). A systems paradigm of organisational adjustment to the social environment.
  16. (1993). A theory of global strategic alliances: The case of the global auto industry.
  17. (1973). A theory of justice. London:
  18. (1979). A three-dimensional conceptual model of corporate performance.
  19. (1991). a). Corporate social performance revisited.
  20. (1995). Addressing a theoretical problem by reorienting the corporate social performance model.
  21. (1997). Agency conflict and corporate strategy: The effect of divestment on corporate value.
  22. (1998). Aims of dialogue. Report prepared for the media.
  23. (1995). American anti-management theories of organizations: A critique of paradigm prolifiration. Cambridge:
  24. (1995). An agent morality view of business policy.
  25. (1977). An alternative to social responsibility.
  26. (1985). An empirical examination on the relationship of the relationship between corporate social responsibility and profitability.
  27. (1989). An empirical test of stakeholder theory predictions of capital structure.
  28. (1993). Applications of case study research.
  29. (1992). Applications of corporate social monitoring systems.
  30. (1995). Approaches to social enquiry.
  31. (1994). Assessing the Value.
  32. (1989). Asset stock accumulation and sustainability of competitive advantage.
  33. (1991). b). Social issues in management: Theory and research in corporate social performance.
  34. (1993). Begrüßung zum ersten Treffen des Gesprächskreises Hoechster Nachbarn. Opening speech to Community Discussion Group.
  35. (1996). Bessere Kooperation im Alarmfall: Die Aufgaben des Hoechst-Notfallmanagers im Werk Griesmeim.
  36. (1991). Better stories and better constructs: The case for rigor and comparative logic.
  37. (1991). Better stories, not better constructs, to generate better theory: A rejoinder to Eisenhardt.
  38. (1996). Black gold fuels Colombia killing machine.
  39. (1987). Book review and response: The awakening giant: Continuity and Change in ICI.
  40. (1995). Bowling alone: America's declining social capital.
  41. (1997). BP at war.
  42. (1998). BP in Colombia: A tale of death, pollution and deforestation.
  43. (1998). BP sacks security chief over arms deal.
  44. (1997). BP's duty over human rights in Colombia.
  45. (1997). Building corporate accountability: Emerging practices in social and ethical accounting, auditing and reporting.
  46. (1999). Building process theory with narrative: From description to explanation.
  47. (1975). Business and society: Environment and responsibility.
  48. (1993). Business and society: Ethics and stakeholder management.
  49. (1975). Business and Society.
  50. (1990). Business and society. A managerial approach.
  51. (1982). Business policy and metaphysics: Some philosophical considerations.
  52. (1965). Business policy.
  53. (1960). Can business afford to ignore social responsibility?
  54. (1997). Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of the 21st century business.
  55. (1988). Case study research in education: A qualitative approach.
  56. (1996). Case study research: design and methods.
  57. (1979). Central problems is social theory: Action, structure and contradiction in social analysis.
  58. (1997). Chemiestandort Deutschland: Technologischer Wandel, Arbeitsteilung und geographische Strukturen in der chemischen Industrie.
  59. (1998). Citizenship: A competitive asset.
  60. (1983). Collective strategy: Social ecology of organizational environments.
  61. (1998). Colombia on the brink. 8
  62. (1998). Colombia's drug-bedevilled hopes of peace.
  63. (1998). Colombian rebels join peace talks.
  64. (1998). Commentary on 'Corporate strategies and environmental regulations: An organizing framework' by
  65. (1998). Commentary to:
  66. (1989). Communication as culture: Essays on media and society.
  67. (1998). Communication with stakeholders: An integrated approach. Long Range Planning,
  68. (1994). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In
  69. (1980). Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors.
  70. (1987). Context and action in the transformation of the firm.
  71. (1985). Contextualist research: A natural way to link theory and practice. In
  72. (1983). Contrasting conceptions of strategy. In
  73. (1997). Convenio de Contracion para una Produccion Limpia con el Sector de Hidrocarburos.
  74. (1999). Convergent stakeholder theory.
  75. (1999). Cooperative strategy: Competing successfully through strategic alliances.
  76. (1998). Corporate Citizenship - Stakeholder Strategies for Responsible Companies.
  77. (1998). Corporate citizenship: Successful strategies for responsible companies.
  78. (1999). Corporate citizenship: What is it and how to assess it?
  79. (1998). Corporate Communication.
  80. (1990). Corporate governance: A stakeholder interpretation.
  81. (1995). Corporate responsibility and financial performance: The paradox of social cost.
  82. (1997). Corporate Responsibility in an international context. A presentation to the Council on Foreign Relations.
  83. (1997). Corporate social performance, stakeholder orientation, and organizational moral development.
  84. (1996). Corporate social performance: An international perspective.
  85. (1984). Corporate social responsibility and financial performance.
  86. (1988). Corporate social responsibility and firm financial performance.
  87. (1980). Corporate social responsibility revisited, redefined.
  88. (1979). Corporate social responsibility: A conceptualization based on organizational literature.
  89. (1976). Corporate social responsiveness: The modern dilemma.
  90. (1965). Corporate strategy: An analytic approach to business policy for growth and expansion.
  91. (1994). Critical realism: An introduction to Roy Bhaskar's philosophy.
  92. (1985). Data in search of a theory: A critical examination of the relationships among social performance, social disclosure, and economic performance of U.
  93. (1997). Data Material - Hoechst AKTAB Meeting Presentation from Corporate Communication Hoechst.
  94. (1998). Death and peace?
  95. (1998). Democracy without enemies.
  96. (1996). Der Idiot.
  97. (1997). Der Kampf Der Kulturen: The clash of civilization.
  98. (1996). Deutsche denken bei Hoechst an Störfälle: Allensbach:
  99. (1996). Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Eine Theorie der Wissenssoziologie.
  100. (1988). Die Rotfabriker: Familiengeschichte eines Weltunternehmens.
  101. (1999). Divergent stakeholder theory.
  102. (1999). Does stakeholder orientation matter? The relationship between stakeholder management models and firm financial performance.
  103. (1997). Doing business in Colombia. Economist lecturer.
  104. (1993). Doing critical ethnography.
  105. (1998). Dormann sieht Hoechst um Jahre vorn.
  106. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management.
  107. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness.
  108. (1993). Embeddedness and immigration: Notes on the social determinants of economic action.
  109. (1998). Environmental and Social Report.
  110. (1999). Ethical development of advanced technology: A postmodern stakeholder perspective.
  111. (1997). Ethics and target marketing: The role of product harm and consumer vulnerability.
  112. (1997). Event studies in management research: Theoretical and empirical issues.
  113. (1982). Explaining organizational behavior.
  114. (1949). Faust. Part one.
  115. (1994). Field research methods in strategic management: Contribution to theory building and testing.
  116. (1991). Firms resources and sustained competitive advantage.
  117. (1998). Flucht nach vorne: Riskanter Kus: Konzernchef Dormann setzt voll auf die Pharmasparte.
  118. (1932). For whom are corporate managers trustees? Harvard Law Review,
  119. (1998). For whom should corporations be run? An economic rational for stakeholder management. Long Range Planning,
  120. (1996). Foundations of corporate success: How business strategies add value.
  121. (1990). Foundations of social theory.
  122. (1994). Frame reflection: Toward the resolution of intractable policy controversies.
  123. (1999). Freeman and Evan: Stakeholder theory in the original position.
  124. (1974). Friends of friends.
  125. (1998). From control to value-based management and accountability.
  126. (1999). From spare change to real change: The social sector as beta site for business innovation. Harvard Business Review,
  127. (1998). Full Steam ahead: Which way to paradise?
  128. (1998). Future, Growth and Sustainability - BP and Sustainable Development. Speech at
  129. (1998). Future, growth and sustainability - BP and sustainable development. Speech at Cambridge University Engineers Association annual conference - engineering, energy and sustainability.
  130. (1997). Getting HSE right. A guide for BP managers.
  131. (1999). Getting real: Stakeholder theory, managerial practice and the general irrelevance of fiduciary duties owed to shareholders.
  132. (1991). Giddens' theory of structuration: A critical appreciation.
  133. (1998). Giving people a stake in the future. Long Range Planning,
  134. (1998). Green light for partnership: Pressure groups and industry are overcoming traditional animosities and forming new partnerships to tackle issues like climate change, sustainable development and human rights.
  135. (1997). Handbook of qualitative research.
  136. (1993). Hoechst Annual Report.
  137. (1997). Hoechst Direkt'97: Ansprechpartner,
  138. (1998). Hoechst: Facts 98 Contacts.
  139. (1999). Hoechst/Rhöne-Poulenc - Avanti Aventis.
  140. (1991). How much does industry matter?
  141. (1994). How to get a PhD. London:
  142. (1998). How we want to live tomorrow.
  143. (1998). Human Rights Watch Report.
  144. (1984). Implanting strategic management.
  145. (1995). Influencing managers to change unpopular corporate behavior through boycotts and divestitures: A stock market test.
  146. (1998). Information competencies and knowledge creation at the corporate center. In
  147. (1997). InfraServ Fact Sheet.
  148. (1998). InfraServ Höchst: Eine Servicegesellschaft von Hoechst.
  149. (1995). Institutions and organizations.
  150. (1995). Instrumental stakeholder theory: A synthesis of ethics and economics.
  151. (1999). Integrated and decoupled corporated social performance: Management commitments, external pressures, and corporate ethics practice.
  152. (1991). Integrating corporate social performance and stakeholder management: Implication for a research in small business.
  153. (1991). Integrating positivist and interpretative approaches to organizational research.
  154. (1988). Interest and agency in institutional theory.
  155. (1985). International Business, Firm and Environment.
  156. (1987). Interorganizational relations in industrial systems: A network approach compared with the transaction-cost approach.
  157. (1999). Is the stakeholder model dead?
  158. (1996). Kommunikation in der Krise: Erfahrungen der Hoechst AG im Umgang mit der Öffentlichkeit. Hoechst im Dialog. Internal document.
  159. (1983). Learning the craft of organizational research.
  160. (1998). Living tomorrow's company.
  161. (1978). Lobbying the corporation: Citizen challenges to business authority. New York: Basic Books.
  162. (1995). Longitudinal field research methods: Studying processes of organisations.
  163. (1990). Looking for theories in strategy studies.
  164. (1999). Making stakeholder theory whole.
  165. (1980). Management in turbulent times.
  166. (1994). Management responses to public issues: Concepts and cases in strategy formulation. Englewood Cliffs.
  167. (1996). Managing and partnering with external stakeholders.
  168. (1998). Managing risk: Critical issues for survival and success into the 21st century.
  169. (1990). Market networks and corporate behaviour.
  170. (1940). Measurement of the social performance of business. In an investigation of concentration of economic power for the temporary national economic committee
  171. (1999). Meeting the Challenge of Global Corporate Citizenship. Unpublished Paper.
  172. (1997). Message from John Browne to all UK Staff. Internal email.
  173. (1999). Metatriangulation: Building theory from multiple paradigms.
  174. (1996). Missing the Forest for the Trees: A Critique of the Social Responsibility Concept and Discourse.
  175. (1993). Modelling rationality, institutions and processes in economic theory. In
  176. (1997). Modern social theory: Key debates and new directions.
  177. (1987). Modified vendettas as a method of punishing corporations.
  178. (1986). Morals by agreement.
  179. (1954). Motivation and personality.
  180. (1997). Moving beyond dyadic ties: A network theory of stakeholder influences.
  181. (1989). Multimethod research: A synthesis of styles.
  182. (1998). National Armed Forces Agreement.
  183. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry.
  184. (1990). Neither market nor hierarchy: Network forms of organization.
  185. (1997). New directions for organization theory.
  186. (1976). New rules of sociological method.
  187. (1995). Öffnung der Wagenburg? Antworten von Chemiemanagern auf ökologische Kritik.
  188. (1997). Oil and terror.
  189. (1996). Oil giant in troubled water.
  190. (1967). Organizations in action.
  191. (1980). Paradigms and revolutions: Appraisals and applications of Thomas Kuhn's philosophy of science. Notre Dame,
  192. (2000). Partnership alchemy: New social partnerships in Europe.
  193. (1988). Passions within reason: The strategic role of emotions.
  194. (1990). Performance implications of strategic coalignment: A methodological perspective.
  195. (1993). Post-capitalist society.
  196. (1981). Power in organizations.
  197. (1975). Private Management and Public Policy. Englewood Cliffs,
  198. (1995). Problems of stakeholder theory.
  199. (1993). Protocols of the CDG Meetings.
  200. (1998). Public Prosecutor Office, Human Rights National Unit, Delegate Regional Public Prosecutor Office.
  201. (1994). Qualitative data analysis.
  202. (1980). Qualitative evaluation and research methods.
  203. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions.
  204. (1979). Quasi-experimentation: Design and analysis issues for field settings.
  205. (1999). Redefining the corporation -A case study of Shell, a multinational corporation. In
  206. (1999). Reflecting on the strategy process. Sloan Management Review,
  207. (1997). Reflections on conducting processual research on management and organizations.
  208. (1997). Reflections on processual research.
  209. (1994). Reflexive modernization: Politics, tradition and aesthetics in the modern social order. Cambridge:
  210. (1996). Remain Present and Become Better.
  211. (1999). Replication and theory development in organizational science: A critical realist perspective.
  212. (1995). Report on the human rights situation in the Departments of Casanare and Arauca.
  213. (1996). Reputation: Realizing value from the corporate image.
  214. (1986). Research methods in social relations.
  215. (1988). Review essay: First- and second-order errors in managing strategic change. In
  216. (1988). Review essay: Four requirements for processual analysis. In
  217. (1998). Review of World Energy.
  218. (1997). Risk analysis in international exploration: A qualitative approach. World Oil,
  219. (1998). Risk perception and communication unplugged: Twenty years of process. In
  220. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity.
  221. (1996). Risk, environment and modernity.
  222. (1998). Ruf geschädigt: Aktionäre und Manager rebellieren - für HoechstChef Jürgen Dormann geht es jetzt ums Ganze.
  223. (1986). Scientific realism and human emancipation.
  224. (1996). Set-up of an economic and social account system for Casanare. Executive summary.
  225. (1997). Six stakeholder propositions.
  226. (1996). Social capital at the top: Effects of social similarity and status on CEO compensation.
  227. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organisational advantage.
  228. (1953). Social responsibilities of the businessman.
  229. (1991). Society in action: The theory of social becoming.
  230. (1979). Sociological paradigms and organisational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life.
  231. (1993). Sociology in question.
  232. (1999). Some Reservations about Social Capital.
  233. (1996). Specialized supplier networks as a source of competitive advantage: Evidence from the auto industry.
  234. (1996). Speech to the Singapore business community,
  235. (1969). Stages and sequences: The cognitive-development approach to socialisation. In
  236. (1997). Stakeholder capitalism and the value chain.
  237. (1999). Stakeholder influence strategies.
  238. (1990). Stakeholder management and corporate performance.
  239. (1995). Stakeholder mismatching: A theoretical problem in empirical research on corporate social performance.
  240. (1995). Stakeholder thinking: The state of the art. In
  241. (1983). Stakeholders of the organizational mind - Toward a new view of organizational policy making . San Francisco: Jossey -
  242. (1991). Stakeholders, shareholders, managers: Who gains what from corporate performance? In
  243. (1999). Stakeholders, social responsibility, and performance: Empirical evidence and theoretical perspectives.
  244. (1997). Stakeholders: the case against/the case in favour. Long Range Planning,
  245. Standortfaktor Öffentliche Meinung. Presentation Forschungszentrum Jülich. Corporate Communications Hoechst.
  246. (1996). Statement by Richard Howitt MEP, Member of the European Parliament Delegation with South America, to a press conference on human rights violations in Colombia and alleged complicity by European oil companies. European Parliament,
  247. (1986). Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck, and business strategy.
  248. (1982). Strategic initiative in competitive dynamics. Working paper,
  249. (1991). Strategic management and economics.
  250. (1985). Strategic management research: A European perspective.
  251. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach .
  252. (1995). Strategic networks among small firms: Implications for strategy research methodology.
  253. (1997). Strategic Plan for Reputation Management in Casanare.
  254. (1991). Strategic responses to institutional processes.
  255. (1999). Strategies for theorizing from Process data.
  256. (1991). Strategizing, economizing, and economic organization.
  257. (1973). Strategy and organization: Text and cases in general management.
  258. (1962). Strategy and structure.
  259. (1978). Strategy formulation: Analytical concepts.
  260. (1992). Strategy process research: focusing on corporate self-renewal.
  261. (1998). Strategy safari: A guided tour through the wilds of strategic management.
  262. (1992). Structural holes.
  263. (1991). Structuration theory: Past, present and future. In
  264. (1997). Success and failure of international strategic alliances: evidence from in-depth case studies. In
  265. (1997). Sustainable Hoechst - Sustainable development: From guiding principle to industrial tool.
  266. (1988). Thatching collective and competitive strategies.
  267. (1989). The "modified vendetta sanction" as a method of corporate collective punishment.
  268. (1987). The adolescence of institutional theory.
  269. (1995). The art of the case study research.
  270. (1999). The butchers strike back.
  271. (1973). The case for and against business assumption of social responsibilities.
  272. (1980). The case for qualitative research.
  273. (1998). The case of social responsibility. A presentation at the annual conference of Business for Social Responsibility,
  274. (1916). The Changing Basis of Economic Responsibility.
  275. (1998). The chicken and the egg revisited: Ties between corporate social performance and the financial bottom line.
  276. (1971). The concept of corporate strategy.
  277. (1998). The concise Blackwell encyclopaedia of management.
  278. (1964). The conduct of inquiry: Methodology for behavioral science.
  279. (1995). The construction of social reality.
  280. (1984). The construction of society.
  281. (1997). The contingent value of social capital.
  282. (1981). The contribution of industrial organisation to strategic management.
  283. (1981). The contributions of administrative behavior to strategic management.
  284. (1981). The contributions of marketing to strategic management.
  285. (1997). The corporate social performance and corporate financial performance debate.
  286. (1987). The Corporate social policy process: Beyond business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and corporate social responsiveness.
  287. (1960). The corporation in a democratic society: in whose interest ought it and will it be run?
  288. (1958). The danger of social responsibility.
  289. (1965). The death and life of great American cities.
  290. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research.
  291. (1987). The effectiveness of marketing policy boycotts.
  292. (1999). The effects of corporate governance and institutional ownership types on corporate social performance.
  293. (1993). The epistemology of qualitative research. Paper presented at the MacArthur Foundation Conference on Ethnographic Approaches to the Study of Human Behavior,
  294. (1978). The external control of organizations.
  295. (1986). The forms of capital. In
  296. (1998). The four faces of corporate citizenship.
  297. (1982). The four faces of social responsibility.
  298. (1938). The functions of the executive.
  299. (1983). The globalization of markets.
  300. (1994). The history of the
  301. (1988). The impact of union-sponsored boycotts on the stock prices of target firms.
  302. (1998). The information age: Economy, society and culture - End of millennium.
  303. (1998). The information age: Economy, society and culture - The power of identity.
  304. (1998). The information age: Economy, society and culture - The rise of the network society.
  305. (1998). The microeconomic foundations of economic development.
  306. (1972). The Modern Corporation and Social Responsibility.
  307. (1988). The moral dimension.
  308. (1999). The new economics of sustainable development: A briefing for policy makers.
  309. (1991). The new institutionalism of organizational analysis.
  310. (1998). The new meaning of corporate social responsibility.
  311. (1998). The politics of risk society.
  312. (1994). The politics of stakeholder theory: Some further directions.
  313. (1991). The prize: The epic quest for oil, money and power.
  314. (1993). The prosperous community: Social capital and public life.
  315. (1998). The relational view: Cooperative strategy and sources of interorganizational competitive advantage.
  316. (1989). The research act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods. Englewoods Cliffs,
  317. (1998). The rhetoric of economics: Rhetoric of the human sciences.
  318. (1998). The rights' side of the argument.
  319. (1977). The role of institutionalization in cultural persistence.
  320. (1993). The social contract and the discourses.
  321. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Time Magazine,
  322. (1992). The social structure of competition.
  323. (1995). The spirit of community: Rights, responsibilities and the communitarian agenda. London:
  324. (1999). The stakeholder research tradition: Convergent theorists - not convergent theory.
  325. (1998). The stakeholder strategy: Profiting from collaborative business relationships.
  326. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: Concepts, evidence and implication.
  327. (1991). The stakeholder theory of the firm: Implications for business and society theory and research.
  328. (1999). The stakeholding society: Writings on politics and economics.
  329. (1973). The strength of weak ties.
  330. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions.
  331. (1994). The Toronto Conference: Reflections on stakeholder theory.
  332. (1994). The Toronto Conference.
  333. (1994). The virtual reality of facts vs. values: A symposium commentary.
  334. (1987). Theories of corporate social performance. In
  335. (1987). Thriving on chaos. Handbook for a management revolution. Excel. A California Limited Partnership.
  336. (1999). Ties that bind: A social contracts approach to business ethics.
  337. (1999). Time scale and organizational theory.
  338. (1993). Top managerial prestige, power and tender offer response: A study of elite social networks and target firm cooperation during takeovers.
  339. (1997). Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: Defining the principle of who and what really counts
  340. (1984). Toward an appreciation of collective strategy.
  341. (1998). Towards a dynamic and complex stakeholder management illustrated with the Novartis mega-merger. In
  342. (1984). Towards a strategic theory of the firm. In
  343. (1994). Towards a unified conception of business ethics: Integrative social contracts theory.
  344. (1997). Towards an attention-based view of the firm.
  345. (1999). Towards an integrative theory of business and society: A research strategy for corporate social performance.
  346. (1998). Towards an understanding of corporate citizenship and how to influence it.
  347. (1997). Towards developing a methodology for doing qualitative research: The dynamic-comparative case study method.
  348. (1986). Towards reconciliation of market performance measures to strategic management research.
  349. (1992). Triangulation revisited: Strategy of validation or alternative?
  350. (1995). Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity.
  351. (1999). u k/h i/eng I ish/static/events/re ith_99/wee k2/week2. htm
  352. (1996). Umweltmanagement in 22 Lektionen: Ein ökonomischer Weg in eine ökologische Wirtschaft.
  353. (1995). Understanding stakeholder thinking. LSR-Julkaisut Oy: LSR-Publications.
  354. (1985). Ursprung der Wörter: Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Sprache.
  355. (1996). Value creation by firms.
  356. (1989). What constitutes a theoretical contribution?.
  357. (1997). What is a processual analysis? The Scandinavian
  358. (1998). What we stand for ... Our business policies.
  359. (1975). Where the law ends: The social control of corporate behaviour.
  360. (1999). Who matters to CEOs? An investigation of stakeholder attributes and salience, corporate performance and, and CEO values.
  361. (1985). Why our old picture of the world do not work anymore. In
  362. (1996). Wie Deutsche und Americaner Ober Chemie denken.
  363. (1996). Wie man Werksangehörige sensibilisiert, ohne sie zu veränstigen, das ist nach wie vor unklar: Der Mensch als Störfaktor.
  364. (1998). Wir wären abgesoffen.
  365. (1957). Xenien (Musen-Almanach für das Jahr 1797).
  366. (1998). Zukunft Gentechnik: Welcher Nutzen? Welche Risiken?
  367. (1996). Zwei Chemieunfälle in kuzer Folge setzen Hoechst unter Druck: Der Artienkus gibt deutlich nach/ Toxikologische Untersuchungen eingeleitet.
  368. (1996). Zwischen grüner Wiese und Metropolis.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.