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Interpretation of the avalilabre phosphorus by Mehlich-1 and Mehlich-3 extractant solution in soils of the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

By Leandro Bortolon and Clesio Gianello


As soluções extratoras multielementares possibilitam avaliar a disponibilidade de vários nutrientes de plantas no mesmo extrato; dentre estes o P merece especial atenção. As soluções Mehlich-1 (M1) e Mehlich-3 (M3) enquadram-se nesta categoria. Neste estudo, foram comparados os teores de P extraídos por estas soluções em 360 amostras de solos do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os coeficientes de correlação entre os teores de P extraído pelas mesmas indicaram alto grau de associação e de significância. Os teores de P extraído pela solução Mehlich-3 foram, em média, 50 % maiores que os extraídos pela solução Mehlich-1. O teor de argila, entretanto, influenciou a capacidade extrativa de P pela solução Mehlich-3, sendo necessária uma tabela de ajuste para a interpretação dos valores do P extraído por esta solução.Multielement soil extractant solutions are used by several soil testing laboratories to determine the plant availability of several nutrients by the same extractant, to decrease costs and labor. The Mehlich-1 (M1) and Mehlich-3 (M3) solutions are often used for this purpose. In this study, they were used to evaluate soil P availability using 360 soil samples of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil). The correlation coefficients between the P concentrations extracted by these solutions were strongly associated and highly significant. The P concentrations extracted by the M3 solution were on average 50 % higher than those extracted by M1. The soil clay content affected the P extraction capacity of the M3 solution, requiring an adjustment table for the interpretation of the P value by this method, as proposed here

Topics: Soil test, Analise do solo, Quimica do solo, Mehlich-1, Rio Grande do Sul, Mehlich-3
Year: 2013
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