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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

By Renata Tavares Gomes, Ticiana Goyanna Lyra, Noraney Nunes Alves, Renilza Menezes Caldas, Maria Goreth Barberino and Cristiana Maria Nascimento Carvalho

Abstract

Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 573–578Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a pathogen associated with community-acquired infections worldwide. We report the spectrum of community-acquired S. aureus infections and compare the patients infected with methicillin-susceptible or methicillin-resistant strains among patients aged <20 years. Overall, 90 cases of community-acquired S. aureus were detected in an 11-year period. Clinical and microbiological data were registered. Fifty-nine (66%) patients were male and the median age was two years. The majority (87%) of the patients were hospitalized and chronic underlying illnesses were detected in 27 (30%) cases. Overall, 34 (37.8%) patients had skin/soft tissue infections and 56 (62.2%) patients had deep-seated infection. Four (5.1%) patients were transferred to the intensive care unit and two (2.6%) died. Complications were detected in 17 (18.9%) cases, such as pleural effusion (41.2%), osteomyelitis (23.5%), and sepsis (17.6%). Six (6.7%) methicillin-resistant strains were detected. Patients infected with methicillin-susceptible or methicillin-resistant strains had similar baseline characteristics and treatment outcomes. Approximately 93% of the cases received systemic antibiotics, out of which 59 (65.5%) used oxacillin or cefalotin. Both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains resulted in morbidity and death among children in this setting where methicillin-resistant strains are infrequent

Topics: Antibacterial agents, Community-acquired infection, Methicillin resistance, Staphylococcal infections, Staphylococcus aureus antimicrobial resistance
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_UFBA:oai:192.168.11:11:ri/15956
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