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By M. Araujo, C. Limongi, J. Servain, M. Silva, F. S. Leite, D. Veleda and C. A. D. Lentini


p. 63-73.High-resolution hydrographic observations of temperature and salinity are used to analyze the formation and distribution of isothermal depth (ZT), mixed depth (ZM) and barrier layer thickness (BLT) in a section of the southwestern Atlantic (0º30´N–14°OO`S; 31 240–41 480 W), adjacent to the northeastern Brazilian coast. Analyzed data consists of 279 CTD casts acquired during two cruises under the Brazilian REVIZEE Program. One occurred in late austral winter (August–October 1995) and another in austral summer (January–April 1997). Oceanic observations are compared to numerical modeling results obtained from the French Mercator-Coriolis Program. Results indicate that the intrusion of subtropical Salinity MaximumWaters (SMW) is the major process contributing to the seasonal barrier layer formation. These waters are brought by the South Equatorial Current (SEC), from the subtropical region, into the western tropical Atlantic boundary. During late austral winter southeastern trade winds are more intense and ITCZ precipitations induce lower surface salinity values near the equator. During this period a 5–90m thick BLT (median=15 m) is observed and BLT>30m is restricted to latitudes higher than 8 S, where the intrusion of salty waters between 8 –12.3 Screates shallow mixed layers over deep (ZT 90 m) isothermal layers. During austral summer, shallow isothermal and mixed layers prevail, when northeasterly winds are predominant and evaporation overcomes precipitation, causing saltier waters at the surface/subsurface layers. During that period observed BLT varies from 5 to 70m and presents thicker median value of 35 m, when comparing to the winter. Furthermore, BLT 30m is observed not only in the southernmost part of the study area, as verified during late winter, but in the latitude range 2 –14 S, where near-surface salty waters are transported westward by the SEC flow. These results indicate that the inclusion of salinity dynamics and its variability are necessary for studying mixed and barrier layer behaviors in the tropical Atlantic, where ocean-atmosphere coupling is known to be stronger

Year: 2011
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