Location of Repository

The literary impact of the Haitian Revolution

By Philip James Kaisary

Abstract

The Haitian Revolution (1 791-1804) reshaped the debates about slavery and\ud freedom in Europe, accelerated the abolitionist movement, precipitated\ud rebellions in neighbouring territories, and intensified both repression and antislavery\ud sentiment. Its long-term effects remain visible in the many\ud representations, recuperations, and invocations of the Revolution as an\ud exemplar of black agency. At the same time, the violence of the conflict led to\ud portrayals of Haiti as unregenerate and primitive, a prey to 'voodoo' and\ud lawlessness. Hence the recuperation of Haiti's political and cultural history, in\ud which the establishment of the first postcolonial nation must be accounted for\ud as a momentous event despite its ostensible failure, contests the tradition of\ud imperial denigration. The thesis addresses how the Haitian Revolution followed\ud by the establishment of a Black Republic, provided inspiration for writers,\ud artists and intellectuals throughout the Atlantic Diaspora in diverse cultural and\ud intellectual locations from the 1920s onwards. If public knowledge about\ud Haitian history has for some time now been limited in Europe and North\ud America, the Revolution has been a potent factor in black memory and it\ud remains an inspiration to Carib beans, Africans, African Americans, and Latin\ud Americans, as well as to radical intellectuals and artists worldwide. The thesis\ud studies the writings generated by the Revolution in the works of Aime Cesaire,\ud C. L. R. James, Rene Depestre, Langston Hughes, Edouard Glissant, Alejo\ud Carpentier, Derek Walcott, and Madison Smartt Bell, spanning French, English,\ud and Spanish, and including poetry, drama, history, biography, fiction, and\ud opera; while in the visual arts it considers the paintings of Kimathi Donkor and\ud commemorative postage stamps. My discussion addresses both critical\ud understandings and fictional reinventions of the Revolution's achievement and\ud tragic reversals. I examine the ideologies informing the analyses, and the\ud aesthetics of the imaginative writings, where a political stance in some cases\ud served to promote innovation and experimental style and in others was a\ud constraint

Topics: F1201, PN
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:4122

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. 7I.T· Q tion London' Thomas Carlyle, Thomas. Occasional Discourse on t e lvzgger ues.
  2. (2004). Abbe Gregoire and Haitian Independence." doi
  3. (1995). All Souls'
  4. (2006). Artist Inspired by Marvel Comics Brings Haitian Revolution to Life in Outstanding Paintings,
  5. Blood Risk." doi
  6. (2001). Deep River: Music and Memory in Harlem Renaissance Thought. doi
  7. (1996). Derek Walcott and a Caribbean Theatre of Revelation." In An Introduction to Post-Colonial Theatre 18-40' C b'd , . am n ge doi
  8. (2000). Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics. doi
  9. (1939). Drums at Dusk. doi
  10. (1999). Edouard Glissant and Postcolonial Theory: Strategies of Language and Resistance, doi
  11. (2001). Engaging the Past" In Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America's Past (and Each Other), edited by doi
  12. (1962). Et Les Chiens Se Taisaient. Paris: Presence Africaine, doi
  13. (1962). Explosion in a Cathedral. Translated by John Sturrock.
  14. (2006). Fictions oJGlobalization: Consumption, the Market and the Contemporary American Novel. London: Continuum, doi
  15. (1997). Figurations of Rape and the Supernatural in Beloved." doi
  16. (1952). Fox Movie Based on Kenneth Roberts Novel, Opens at Roxy Theatre."
  17. (2006). Freedoms: A HistOJ,)'
  18. (1999). H .. A Glossary of Literary Terms. 7th ed.
  19. (2000). Hegel and Haiti." doi
  20. (1989). Ideologies of Black Folk: The Historical Novel of Slavery "In Slavery and the Literary Imagination, edited by Deborah E. McDowell and Arnold Rampersad. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins
  21. (1992). Images of Hayti: The Construction of an Afro-American Lieu De Memo ire. " doi
  22. (1991). Imagined Communities. doi
  23. (1990). In Praise Of "Creoleness"." doi
  24. (1987). Inventing the Truth: The Art and Craft oj Memoir. doi
  25. (1983). Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem. doi
  26. (1997). Literature, Modernism and Myth: Belief and Responsibility in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: doi
  27. (1967). Lo Real Maravilloso Americano" In Tientos y Diferencias.
  28. (1981). London: doi
  29. (1983). Los Angeles / London:
  30. (2008). Louvertllre Films [cited 18
  31. (1981). Louverture. Paris: Presence Africaine, doi
  32. (1991). Magical Realism and Beyond: The Contemporary Spanish and Latin American Novel.
  33. (2003). Mimesis: The Representation of Reality doi
  34. (2004). Mine of Stones: With and without the Sprits Along the Cordon De L'Ouest." Harper's Magazine
  35. (2005). Monotonies of History": Baron De Vastey and the Mulatto Legend of Derek Walcott's Haitian Trilogy." doi
  36. (2000). Mumia Abu-Jamal - Amnesty International Calls for Retrial,
  37. (1946). Music in Cuba. Translated by Alan West-Dur' M' , an. lnneapo!ts:
  38. (2007). N Y k' Pantheon Books, doi
  39. (2005). Of Men and the Haitian Revolution." doi
  40. (2000). of the Crossroads. doi
  41. (1967). On the Marvelous Real in America." In Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community, edited by Lois Parkinson doi
  42. Our Moral Superiority About Sex Is Proving Deadly." The Guardian,
  43. (2007). Our Nation's Future - Defence.
  44. (1991). Paper Ambassadors: The Politics oj Stamps. North Ryde NSW A t l' . , ,us ra la. Angus &
  45. (1968). Return to My Native Land. Translated by Emile Snyder. Paris: Presence Africaine,
  46. (1997). Review of Poetics of Relation, by Edouard Glissant. Trans. Betsy Wing. Ann Arbor: doi
  47. (2004). Rolling Haiti Back to Colonialism: Charles Boylan Interviews Kevin Pina,
  48. (2007). Sa Nou Pa We Yo (the Invisible Ones): A Reply to Four Readers." doi
  49. (2006). Slavery, and the Age of the Democratic Revolution, doi
  50. (1975). The Baroque and the Marvelous Real." In Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community, edited by Lois Parkinson doi
  51. (2005). The Black Jacobin C.L.R. James [Radio Broadcast]." In Ideas,
  52. (1999). The Colonial Caribbean in Transition,' doi
  53. (2004). The Contemporary African American Novel: Its Folk Roots and Modern Literary Branches. doi
  54. (2002). The Cultural Address of Derek Walcott" doi
  55. (1992). The Frederick Douglass Papers. doi
  56. (1949). The Kingdom of This World. Translated by Harriet de Onis.
  57. (1935). The Library of Congress: American Memory. The New Deal Stage: Selections from the Federal Theatre Project doi
  58. The Life of Toussaint L'Ouverture. London: Ingram and Cooke,
  59. (1956). The Lost Steps. Translated by Harriet de Onis.
  60. (1997). The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800. doi
  61. (1988). The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery 1776-1848. doi
  62. (2007). The Power of History: Haiti (Radio Broadcast),
  63. (1992). The Ritual Theater oj Aime Cesaire: Mythic Structures oJthe Dramatic Imagination.
  64. (2004). The Stone That the Builder Refused.
  65. (1969). The Tragedy of King Christophe. Translated by Ralph Manheim.
  66. (1936). Thunder. doi
  67. (2005). Toussaint between Two Worlds."
  68. (1977). Toussaint: Or the Aristocracy oifth Sk' '0 ' e zn, 'Pera zn Three Acts. Borough
  69. (1963). Tragedie Du Roi Christophe. Paris: Presence Africaine, doi
  70. (2007). Venezuela Giving Danny Glover $18m to Direct Film on Epic Slave Revolt." The Guardian,
  71. (2005). Walcott's "Reversible World"" Centers, Peripheraries, and the Scale of Nature." doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.