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Generating Recombinant Antibodies to Membrane Proteins through Phage Display

By Renhua Huang, Margaret M. Kiss, Melissa Batonick, Michael P. Weiner and Brian K. Kay

Abstract

One of the most important classes of proteins in terms of drug targets is cell surface membrane proteins, and yet it is a challenging set of proteins for generating high-quality affinity reagents. In this review, we focus on the use of phage libraries, which display antibody fragments, for generating recombinant antibodies to membrane proteins. Such affinity reagents generally have high specificity and affinity for their targets. They have been used for cell staining, for promoting protein crystallization to solve three-dimensional structures, for diagnostics, and for treating diseases as therapeutics. We cover publications on this topic from the past 10 years, with a focus on the various formats of membrane proteins for affinity selection and the diverse affinity selection strategies used. Lastly, we discuss the challenges faced in this field and provide possible directions for future efforts

Topics: affinity selection, fragments of antigen binding (Fabs), G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), membrane proteins, nanodiscs, phage-display, recombinant antibodies, single-domain antibodies, transfection, virus-like particles (VLPs), Immunologic diseases. Allergy, RC581-607
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.3390/antib5020011
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e16ffcb1be6643eb8330b98a0a13ce8a
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