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The influence of a yoga exercise program for young adults with intellectual disabilities

By Brent L Hawkins, Joanna B Stegall, Madalyn F Weber and Joseph B Ryan

Abstract

Background: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) have an increased risk of obesity and are significantly less likely to engage in physical activity compared to their nondisabled peers. A growing body of research supports the physical and mental health benefits of yoga. While the benefits of yoga have been studied across a host of populations with varying ages and physical disabilities, no studies could be identified investigating the benefits of yoga for young adults with ID. Aims: This study investigated the impact of participating in yoga classes on the amount of exercise behavior and perception of physical exertion when compared to non-structured exercise sessions between two young adults with ID in a post-secondary education setting. Materials and Methods: A single subject multiple baseline research design was implemented across two young adults with mild ID to determine the effects of a yoga exercise class on frequency of exercise behavior and perception of physical exertion when compared to non-structured exercise sessions. Partial interval recording, the Eston-Parfitt curvilinear rating of perceived exertion scale, and the physical activity enjoyment scale were implemented to collect data on dependent variables and consumer satisfaction during each non-structured exercise session and each yoga class. Results: indicated that percentage of exercise behavior and perceived exertion levels during yoga group exercise sharply increased with large effect sizes when compared to non-structured exercise sessions

Topics: Exercise; intellectual disabilities; post-secondary education; yoga, Miscellaneous systems and treatments, RZ409.7-999
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.4103/0973-6131.98244
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e4da2f30ca22408aa4bc8874712e0868
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