Children today hold an important place in society and\ud are valued for what they offer. They represent society’s\ud hopes for the future. Children in the western world\ud have rights today, but historically this has not always\ud been the case. In the UK, children are protected by the\ud Children Acts of 1989 and 2004, and by various other\ud charters, guidelines and government policies concerning\ud their health and welfare. Internationally, organisations\ud such as UNICEF and Save the Children were set\ud up to confer protection and oversee support to children\ud as the most vulnerable group of a population in\ud war or disaster zones (Greig et al, 2007). However, this\ud happy state of affairs (the positive view) with regard\ud to children is by no means universal. We need to be\ud mindful that many children, both in the UK and further\ud afield, still suffer the debilitating effects of poverty,\ud hardship and hunger, they lack basic amenities such\ud as water, sanitation and healthcare, or access to a basic\ud education, and many are subject to violence, abuse\ud and neglect
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