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Communal child-rearing: The role of nurses in school health

By Fhumulani M. Mulaudzi and Mmapheko D. Peu


<strong>Background: </strong><span>Child-rearing remains a concern within our communities, especially because families of today lack primary parents due to multifaceted challenges such as working mothers, diseases and violence. Health-promoting school initiatives are necessary because they allow a multifaceted approach to child-rearing. They further provide a conducive environment for continued schoolchild-rearing moving from home to school.</span><p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This study promotes an integrated approach to school care using the African concept of <em>Ubuntu</em> – solidarity and sense of community – as a point of departure. The socio-ecological model was used, which includes the work of the school healthcare nurse in contributing to holistic health services.</p><p><strong>Method</strong>: An integrative review was conducted in January 2013, which included methodology studies, a theory review and a variety of studies related to school health. The studies were categorised according to school health, <em>Ubuntu</em> and the socio-ecological model.</p><p><strong>Findings</strong>: The role of school healthcare nurses entails acting as a liaison officer between a variety of stakeholders who work together to shape the future of children.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Ubuntu</em>, together with the socio-ecological model, can assist us to involve an entire community to raise children. This knowledge serves as a background to the planning of a school health programme. The role of the nurse in school health can also assist in collaborative efforts to formulate the programme and develop the competencies that will inform school health nurse training curricula.</p

Topics: school health, health promotion, nursing, Ubuntu, Nursing, RT1-120
Publisher: AOSIS
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.4102/curationis.v37i1.1158
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