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Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) gene are associated with performance in Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle

By Michael Paul Mullen, Donagh P. Berry, Dawn J. Howard, Michael G. Diskin, Ciaran O. Lynch, Linda eGiblin, David A. Kenny, David A. Magee, Kieran G. Meade and Sinead M. Waters

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been shown to be associated with fertility, growth and development in cattle. The aim of this study was to 1) identify novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the bovine IGF-1 gene and alongside previously identified SNPs 2) determine their association with traits of economic importance in Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle. Nine novel SNPs were identified across a panel of 22 beef and dairy cattle by sequence analysis of the 5’ promoter, intronic and 3’ regulatory regions, encompassing ~ 5 kb of the IGF-1 gene. Genotyping and associations with daughter performance for milk production, fertility, survival and measures of body size were undertaken on 848 Holstein-Friesian AI sires. Using multiple regression analysis nominal associations (P<0.05) were identified between 6 SNPs (four novel and two previously identified) and milk composition, survival, body condition score and body size. The C allele of AF017143 a previously published SNP (C-512T) in the promoter region of IGF-1 predicted to introduce binding sites for transcription factors HSF1 and ZNF217 was associated (P<0.05) with increased cow carcass weight (i.e. an indicator of mature cow size). Novel SNPs were identified in the 3’ region of IGF-1 were associated (P<0.05) with functional survival and chest width. The remaining 4 SNPs, all located within introns of IGF-1 were associated (P<0.05) with milk protein yield, milk fat yield, milk fat concentration, somatic cell score, carcass conformation and carcass fat. Results of this study further demonstrate the multifaceted influences of IGF-1 on milk production and growth related traits in cattle

Topics: Single nucleotide polymorphism, performance, Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle, Genetics, QH426-470
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fgene.2011.00003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f2aae8e371d5406ba135a5de52b97a24
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