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Complexity analyses show two distinct types of nonlinear dynamics in short heart period variability recordings

By Alberto ePorta, Alberto ePorta, Vlasta eBari, Andrea eMarchi, Beatrice eDe Maria, Dirk eCysarz, Dirk eCysarz, Peter eVan Leeuwen, Anielle C.M. Takahashi, Anielle C.M. Takahashi, Aparecida M. Catai and Tomaso eGnecchi-Ruscone


Two diverse complexity metrics quantifying time irreversibility and local prediction, in connection with a surrogate data approach, were utilized to detect nonlinear dynamics in short heart period (HP) variability series recorded in fetuses, as a function of the gestational period, and in healthy humans, as a function of the magnitude of the orthostatic challenge. The metrics indicated the presence of two distinct types of nonlinear HP dynamics characterized by diverse ranges of time scales. These findings stress the need to render more specific the analysis of nonlinear components of HP dynamics by accounting for different temporal scales

Topics: Autonomic Nervous System, Heart rate variability, cardiovascular control, head-up tilt, multiscale analysis, Gestational Age, Physiology, QP1-981
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fphys.2015.00071
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