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Best Strategies against Respiratory Problems in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants

By Maryam Shokouhi, Siros Hematpour and Seyed Abolfazl Afjeh

Abstract

Background Neonatology has evolved with respect to the needs of premature infants for special care. One of the major problems in premature infants is that their lungs are not developed adequately to fulfill newborns’ needs. There is a broad spectrum of strategies for management of respiratory problems in premature infants. In this study, we aimed to determine the best Strategies against Respiratory Problems in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants. Materials and Methods  In this analytical, prospective study, we recruited 79 newborns with birth weight of less than 1000 g, who were born in Mahdieh Hospital in Tehran- Iran, during September 2011-March 2013. The newborns were divided into three groups of Supportive care (n=10), the INSURE strategy (n=17), and Mechanical ventilation (n=52) based on their needs. Survival rate and complications were evaluated among these groups. Results Gestational age ranged between 23 and 34 weeks, and birth weight ranged between 420g and 1000 g. Survival rates in the supportive care, INSURE, mechanical ventilation groups were 90%, 47.1%, and 17.3%, respectively. Gestational age and birth weight in the three groups were significantly different (

Topics: Extremely low birth weight, Infants, Mechanical ventilations, Pediatrics, RJ1-570
Publisher: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:51486ed480aa4613976d31cd0ce9a750
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