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The importance of passive smoking in the accumulation of Pb, Be, Ba, Mg, Ca, Sr in the children adenoid

By Maria Gerycka, Ewa Nogaj and Jerzy Kwapuliński


Introduction. The quality of our life is determined by\ud the quality of the air that we breathe. Hence the influence\ud of cigarette smoking and secondary exposure of persons\ud within the smoking environment is significant. Previous\ud studies have confirmed the influence of passive smoking\ud to on the accumulation of given elements in the tonsils.\ud The subject of the study is to determine the importance\ud of ETS exposure for the accumulation of Pb, Be, Ba, Ca,\ud Mg and Sr in the pharyngeal tonsils. Material and methods.\ud The study involved 162 adenoids from boys and girls\ud living in Tychy and Chorzów. exposed and not exposed\ud to passive smoking. All biological samples were subjected\ud to mineralization with nitric acid (V) from Merck. The\ud chemical composition of the samples was determined by\ud the ICP – AES method. Results. The statistical analysis\ud of the elements in the tonsils of children exposed and\ud not exposed to ETS is performed taking into account as\ud an additional criterion of distribution the place of residence\ud and gender of the children. Conclusions. There\ud was no significant effect of passive smoking on the increase\ud of the examined metals in the adenoid. However\ud the role of gender and place of residence to the process\ud of accumulation of elements in this organ remains significant

Topics: adenoids, trace elements, passive smoking, particulate matter, Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering, TD1-1066, Medicine, R
Publisher: Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year: 2014
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