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Ebola virus disease: review and implications for dentistry in Ireland

By Sheila Galvin, Stephen R Flint and Claire M Healy

Abstract

The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has developed into a global\ud healthcare emergency with implications for all healthcare professionals. This\ud article will review the clinical features, transmission and oral manifestations of\ud Ebola virus infection, and discuss the implications of the current outbreak for\ud dental practices in Ireland.\ud The Ebola virus is an RNA virus belonging to the Filoviridae family that was first\ud recognised after two outbreaks of viral haemorrhagic fever in the Democratic\ud Republic of Congo (previously Zaire) and Southern Sudan in 1976.1 The former\ud occurred in a village near the Ebola River, after which the virus was named. Five\ud different species of Ebola virus are now recognised: Bundibugyo, Sudan, Zaire,\ud Reston and Tai Forest. The Zaire strain remains the most lethal, with a mortality\ud rate of 76%, and is the cause of the current, twenty-fifth Ebola epidemic.1,2 The\ud current outbreak in West Africa, which began in Guinea in March 2014, is the\ud largest and most complex since the virus was first recognised, involving more\ud infections and deaths than all previous outbreaks combined, and involving\ud capital cities and major urban centres for the first time. To date, there have\ud been 25,855 cases and 10,717 deaths3,4 (correct on April 17, 2015), with the\ud vast majority of cases in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. There have also been\ud cases in Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, Spain, the United States and United Kingdo

Topics: DENTAL HEALTH, COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Publisher: Journal of the Irish Dental Association
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:www.lenus.ie:10147/558837

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