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The Security-Development Nexus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

By Sofie Amalie Køier Thorkildsen, Stefan Jehl, Mikkel Jensen and Eva Engel Wallin


This research paper examines the nexus between security and development. The two terms are assumed to be coherent in much of the current policy rhetoric and practice of the United Nations. The linkages and the effect of this policy approach is challenged through a single-case study of the Democratic Republic of Congo. A statistical correlation test is performed to show a correlation between conflict and development. Maria Stern & Joakim Öjendal’s six narratives, about the security-development nexus, functions as the theoretical framework of the paper to categorize the UN’s approach to dealing with security and development in the DRC. The policy expresses a definite linkage between the two terms. This comes to show in the UN’s MONUSCO-mission, which is set to improve stability and sustainable development. The paper seeks to examine the connection between the rhetoric policy, expressed in UN resolutions and mission statements, and the implementation of the policy. The paper is rounded off discussing the security-development nexus more broadly, by including theories questioning the mainstream rhetoric and multilateral practices carried out in the name of the nexus

Topics: Security, Development, Nexus, Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC, Regression analysis, Single-case study, Nested approach, Ressource Course
Year: 2015
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