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Qatar Exoplanet Survey : Qatar-3b, Qatar-4b and Qatar-5b

By Khalid A. Alsubai, Dimitris Mislis, Zlatan I. Tsvetanov, David W. Latham, Allyson Bieryla, Lars A. Buchhave, Gilbert A. Esquerdo, D. M. Bramich, Stylianos Pyrzas, Nicolas P. E. Vilchez, Luigi Mancini, John Southworth, Daniel F. Evans, Thomas Henning and Simona Ciceri

Abstract

We report the discovery of Qatar-3b, Qatar-4b, and Qatar-5b, three new transiting planets identified by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES). The three planets belong to the hot Jupiter family, with orbital periods of $P_{Q3b}$=2.50792 days, $P_{Q4b}$=1.80539 days, and $P_{Q5b}$=2.87923 days. Follow-up spectroscopic observations reveal the masses of the planets to be $M_{Q3b}$=4.31$\pm0.47$ $M_{\rm J}$, $M_{Q4b}$=6.10$ \pm0.54$ $M_{\rm J}$, and $M_{Q5b}$ = 4.32$ \pm0.18$ $M_{\rm J}$, while model fits to the transit light curves yield radii of $R_{Q3b}$ = 1.096$ \pm0.14$ $R_{\rm J}$, $R_{Q4b}$ = 1.135$ \pm0.11$ $R_{\rm J}$, and $R_{Q5b}$ = 1.107$ \pm0.064$ $R_{\rm J}$. The host stars are low-mass main sequence stars with masses and radii $M_{Q3}$ = 1.145$ \pm0.064$ $M_{\odot}$, $M_{Q4}$ = 0.896$ \pm0.048$ $M_{\odot}$, $M_{Q5}$ = 1.128$ \pm0.056$ $M_{\odot}$ and $R_{Q3}$ = 1.272$ \pm0.14$ $R_{\odot}$, $R_{Q4}$ = 0.849$\pm0.063$ $R_{\odot}$ and $R_{Q5}$ = 1.076$\pm0.051$ $R_{\odot}$ for Qatar-3, 4 and 5 respectively. The V magnitudes of the three host stars are $V_{Q3}$=12.88, $V_{Q4}$=13.60, and $V_{Q5}$=12.82. All three new planets can be classified as heavy hot Jupiters (M > 4 $M_{J}$).Comment: 13Pages, 8Figure

Topics: Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa6340
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1606.06882
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