Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Functional Electrical Stimulation to the Dorsiflexors and Quadriceps in Children with Cerebral Palsy

By Marietta van der Linden, M Hazlewood, S Hillman and J Robb


Purpose: To assess the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the ankle dorsiflexors and quadriceps in children with cerebral palsy.\ud \ud Methods: Fourteen children (mean age 8 years) were randomly allocated to a treatment or control group. The treatment group received 2 weeks of neuromuscular electrical stimulation followed by 8 weeks of FES used at home and school. The control group continued with its usual physiotherapy program. Assessment took place at baseline and before and after the treatment period. Both control and treatment groups were fitted with FES for gait analysis at the second and final assessments.\ud \ud Results: In both groups, FES of the ankle dorsiflexors resulted in a significant (p < 0.01) effect on gait kinematics. However, no long-term treatment effect of using FES for 8 weeks was found.\ud \ud Conclusions: FES for selected children with cerebral palsy, receiving adequate support, can be a practical treatment option to improve gait kinematics

Publisher: Williams && Wilkins
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2003). Association between inflammatory mediators and muscle mass in long-term hemodialysis patients. doi
  2. (2005). Association of age with muscle mass, fat mass and fat distribution in non-diabetic haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dialysis Transplant doi
  3. (2003). Atrophy of non-locomotor muscle in patients with end-stage renal failure. Nephrol Dialysis Transplant doi
  4. (1998). Cadaver validation of skeletal muscle mass measurement by magnetic resonance imaging and computarized tomography.
  5. (2003). Characteristics and effects of inflammation in end-stage renal disease. Semin Dial doi
  6. (2005). Control of muscle protein kinetics by acidbase balance. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care
  7. (1986). Exercise capacity in chronic renal failure patients managed by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. doi
  8. (1997). Hemodialysis patient-assessed functional health status predicts continued survival, hospitalisation and dialysis attendance compliance. doi
  9. (2000). Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models and value of gait speed alone compared with short physical performance battery. doi
  10. (1996). Measurement of body composition in chronic renal failure: comparison of skinfold anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance with dual energy X-ray absorpiometry.
  11. (1993). Morphologic features of myopathy associated with chronic renal failure. doi
  12. (2003). Muscle atrophy in patients receiving hemodialysis: effects on muscle strength, muscle quality and physical function. Kidney Int doi
  13. (2004). Muscle insulin-like growth factor status, body composition and functional capacity in hemodialysis patients. doi
  14. (1995). Nutrition and mortality in hemodialysis.
  15. (1991). Nutritional assessment of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients: an international study. doi
  16. (2000). Reduced synthesis of muscle proteins in chronic renal failure.
  17. (2004). Sargeant A et al. Skeletal muscle morphology and capillarization of renal failure patients receiving different dialysis therapies. Clin Sci (Lon) doi
  18. Serum C-reactive protein as a marker for infection and inflammation in regular dialysis patients. Clinical Nephrology 1997; 46: 371–374 Received for publication: 20.9.05 Accepted in revised form:
  19. (2000). Standaradised thigh muscle area measured by computed axial tomography as an alternate muscle mass index for nutritional assessment of hemodialysis patients.
  20. (2004). Subjective and objective physical limitations in high-functioning renal dialysis patients. Nephrol Dialysis Transplant doi
  21. (1998). The effects of exercise training on muscle atrophy in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dialysis Transplant doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.