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The Study of Soldier''s Literary Writing in Taiwan off-shore islands- Penghu, Kinmen

By Yu-Zhong Wu and 吳禹中

Abstract

Due to the uniqueness of the islands, the literature on Taiwan’s offshore islands has developed an entirely different literary vision from Taiwan. Among these islands, the garrisons that came to be involved in the historical process of Kinmen and Penghu have become a local cultural landscape, shaping a particular yet common phenomenon in the literature on Taiwan’s offshore islands. This study is divided into six chapters. First, the historical context of the literary works on Taiwan’s offshore islands has been sorted out to retrieve the social dynamics at that time, followed by the discussions on the garrison issue through the writing texts of Kinmen and Penghu writers. In the aspect of Kinmen, Wu Jun-yao and Huang Ke-quan’s works have been explored to know the association among the garrison, the nation, and the local society. In the observation of Wu Jun-yao’s works, the evolution of the history of the Kinmen garrison has moved towards the identity between the state and the nation, while the garrison experience in Huang Ke-quan’s works is actually his collective memory that embodies both the nation and Kinmen’s society. In the aspect of Penghu, two novels written by Lu Ze-zhi and Chen Shu-yao have been taken to discuss. Lu’s description of Penghu’s fisherfolk in “Wave of Whispers” has awaken the memory of collective scars caused by the garrison, bringing new interpretation to the so-called native land. Moreover, the conflict between collective identity and national consciousness in this novel also reflects the transformation of power relations in the social structure during that time. As for Chen’s “Liu Shui Zhang”, the entanglements between Penghu’s garrison and local residents, as well as the social issues between the military and women have been described through the writing of the writer’s childhood memories. Finally, the similarities and differences of the garrisons between these two islands have been further explored to compare with the fictional garrisons in offshore-island novels. This study not only promotes the importance of the writing of garrison in offshore-island novels, but also creates a new way of dialogues for the literature on Taiwan’s offshore islands in Taiwan’s literary field.離島文學因島嶼獨特性,衍生出與台灣本島截然不同的文學視野。其中,金門和澎湖兩島的歷史進程中,駐軍蔚為當地的一項人文風景,形成離島文學作品裡共通的奇特現象。本論文分做六章。首先整理離島作品的歷史脈絡回溯當時社會動態,接著再透過金門、澎湖作家文本進行對駐軍議題的討論。金門藉以吳鈞堯、黃克全兩位作品中獲悉駐軍、國族和當地社會之間的關聯性。觀察吳鈞堯作品中,金門駐軍歷史的演進將推向國家和國族間的身分辨識。黃克全小說中的駐軍體驗則牽連個人的集體記憶是包含國族和金門社會的體現。澎湖作家以呂則之、陳淑瑤的兩部長篇做為討論。呂則之的《浪潮細語》書寫澎湖海人喚醒對駐軍的共同傷痕使得原鄉擁有新詮釋,集體認同跟國家意識的衝突表述當時社會結構的勢力消長。陳淑瑤的《流水帳》則藉作家對於童年記憶的關懷中,書寫澎湖駐軍和當地居民的糾葛,繞道出軍人和女性之間的社會議題。最後整理兩島駐軍相似和相異處,比較離島小說的駐軍兩者關係,開展離島小說中駐軍書寫的重要性,並期待為離島文學在台灣文學場域開啟一條新的對話方式。離島小說之駐軍書寫---以澎湖、金門為研究對象 目次 第一章 緒論------------------------------------------------------------------------01 第一節 研究動機與目的------------------------------------------------------------01 第二節 研究範圍與方法------------------------------------------------------------02 第三節 文獻回顧與探討------------------------------------------------------------03 第四節 各章內容之概述------------------------------------------------------------06 第二章 記憶政治的解構和重製──以黃克全小說為例------------------09 第一節 前言-------------------------------------------------------------------------09 第二節 歷史上的金門駐軍---------------------------------------------------------10 第三節 記憶裡的金門駐軍---------------------------------------------------------10 第四節 戰火記憶和國家政治的掛勾-----------------------------------------------12 一、國族記憶的混淆與重製---------------------------------------------------------12 二、金門駐軍經驗的痕跡------------------------------------------------------------13 (一)遺忘的過去---------------------------------------------------------------------13 (二)駐軍的懲罰---------------------------------------------------------------------14 三、駐軍退伍的現實處境-------------------------------------------------------------14 (一)回歸平淡的落差--------------------------------------------------------------- 14 (二)悲憫女性的救贖----------------------------------------------------------------15 四、軍人駐地經驗的政治再現--------------------------------------------------------16 (一)記憶創傷裡的荒地-------------------------------------------------------------16 (二)傷痕記憶的混淆----------------------------------------------------------------17 (三)金門軍管社會的居民心態-----------------------------------------------------17 第五節 記憶的反思和檢視---------------------------------------------------------- 18 第六節 小結-集體記憶的國族政治----------------------------------------------- 19 第三章 沉默世紀的金門駐軍-以吳鈞堯小說做觀察對象-------------- 21 第一節 前言------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 第二節 金門駐軍的歷史書寫------------------------------------------------------- 21 一、有名無實的駐軍------------------------------------------------------------------ 22 (一)中華民國在金門----------------------------------------------------------------22 (二)有名無實的軍隊---------------------------------------------------------------22 二、駐軍的變形卅中華國族的模糊角色---------------------------------------------24 三、官方國族主義的發送角色--------------------------------------------------------25 (一)駐軍---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26 (二)指導員-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 (三)民兵---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 四、消散的駐軍----------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 五、金軍時期的不同見證-------------------------------------------------------------30 第三節 駐軍、國家、國族的三位一體-----------------------------------------------30 第四節 個人身體書寫的駐軍------------------------------------------------------- 31 一、英勇氣概的投射------------------------------------------------------------------31 二、駐軍壓抑的情感------------------------------------------------------------------33 (一)士官長的個人隱私-------------------------------------------------------------33 (二)異地戀愛的現實處境-----------------------------------------------------------33 (三)青春士兵的物欲橫流-----------------------------------------------------------34 三、國族建構的批判政治-------------------------------------------------------------35 第五節 小結-歷史記憶和性別政治的雙重對話----------------------------------- 36 第四章 駐地卅在地的交會:《浪潮細語》國族書寫-------------------------38 第一節 鄉土境地的迴響------------------------------------------------------------ 38 第二節 澎湖駐軍歷史-------------------------------------------------------------- 39 第三節 離島駐軍想像的鏈結------------------------------------------------------- 40 一、《浪潮細語》的駐軍--------------------------------------------------------------- 40 二、官方國族主義的實踐------------------------------------------------------------- 41 第四節 在地系統的中介------------------------------------------------------------ 42 一、民意機關的恐懼------------------------------------------------------------------ 43 二、警察系統的中立------------------------------------------------------------------ 43 三、在地機關的迂迴行徑------------------------------------------------------------- 44 第五節 述卅庶民記憶的集體認同------------------------------------------------- 44 一、村民經驗之生成------------------------------------------------------------------45 二、庶民記憶的在地認同------------------------------------------------------------ 46 第六節 小結- 國族政治的文化路徑----------------------------------------------- 47 第五章 駐軍在離島的情感記事-以《流水帳》為例-------------------- 49 第一節 前言------------------------------------------------------------------------- 49 第二節 解嚴前夕的駐軍歷史------------------------------------------------------- 50 第三節 《流水帳》駐軍的在地情懷-------------------------------------------------51 一、澎湖的軍中經驗------------------------------------------------------------------51 二、日常的居民互動------------------------------------------------------------------52 第四節 國族的自主著重------------------------------------------------------------ 53 一、駐軍的離島女性想像-------------------------------------------------------------53 二、駐軍感情的社會化----------------------------------------------------------------54 三、駐軍愛情的幻滅------------------------------------------------------------------55 四、愛情和國族的關係----------------------------------------------------------------56 第五節 國族意識的偏離及重劃---------------------------------------------------- 57 一、駐軍役期的時間感----------------------------------------------------------------57 二、女性鄉土的形成------------------------------------------------------------------58 三、地方空間收編國族時間----------------------------------------------------------59 第六節 小結-國族政治的演繹過程----------------------------------------------- 59 第六章 結論---------------------------------------------------------------------- 61 參考書目---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6

Topics: 離島小說, 駐軍, 國族, offshore-island novels, garrison, nation
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.nchu.edu.tw:123456789/85965
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