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Characterization of the swine U6 promoter for short hairpin RNAexpression and its application to inhibition of virus replication

By Ching-Wei Wu, Maw-Sheng Chien and Chienjin Huang


Expression of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) by the RNA polymerase type III U6 promoter is an effective and widely used strategy for RNA interference (RNAi) which is a sequence-specific gene silencing mechanism. The U6 promoters from human, mouse, and swine were cloned, respectively for constructing various shRNA expression vectors. The transcription efficiency of each U6 promoter was analyzed for its activity to drive expression of shRNA targeting enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) mRNA in different mammalian cells. All three U6 promoters were functional and the swine U6 promoter demonstrated the most efficient knockdown of EGFP synthesis in all these three species of cell lines including porcine kidney (PK-15), human embryonic kidney (HEK293T), and mouse fibroblast (LM) cells. Furthermore, the antiviral effect of shRNA targeting the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) NS5B driven by the swine U6 promoter was confirmed by the significant reduction of virus replication

Topics: RNA interference, Short hairpin RNAs, U6 promoter, Classical swine fever virus
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2013.07.009
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