Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A Literature Review of Non-Surgical Intervention for the Treatment of Idiopathic Talipes Equinovarus: A Podiatric Perspective

By J McGroggan and G Dunlop


This article aims to discuss the current surgical and non-surgical interventions in the treatment of idiopathic talipes equinovarus. It examines the literature from 1964 to the present day and includes a detailed anatomical description of the condition. The treatment of this condition has evolved from complicated surgical procedures with low long term success rates to less traumatic closed treatments with good outcomes. The latter, specifically the Ponseti Method of treatment, has been practiced by orthopaedic surgeons in the United Kingdom for seven years now and this article examines the podiatrist’s potential role in the management of this lower limb complaint

Publisher: FAOJ Editors
Year: 2010
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2008). A Comparison of two nonoperative methods of idiopathic clubfoot correction: The Ponseti method and the French Functional (physiotherapy) method. JBJS doi
  2. (2009). A review of talipes equino varus. Podiatry Management
  3. (1993). A single-gene explaination for the probability of having idiopathic talipes equinovarus.
  4. (2010). Absent posterior tibial artery associated with idiopathic clubfoot.
  5. (2008). Adduction in clubfoot. In: Bensahel
  6. (2007). Anatomical study for an updated comprehension of clubfoot. Part I: Bones and joints. doi
  7. (2007). Anatomical study for an updated comprehension of clubfoot. Part II: Ligaments, tendons and muscles. doi
  8. (2008). Are talipes equinovarus and congenital fibular dysplasia different manifestations of aberrant vasculogenesis? In: Bensahel
  9. (2005). Changing paradigm for the treatment of clubfoot. Orthopaedic Nursing doi
  10. (2008). Clinical and physiological examination of congenital clubfoot (principles and results). In: Bensahel
  11. (2009). Clubfoot treatment: Ponseti and French functional methods are equally effective. Clin Orthopaedic Rel Res doi
  12. (1985). Complete subtalar release in club feet. doi
  13. (1964). Congenital club foot: the results of treatment. doi
  14. (2008). Do talipes equinovarus (TEV) and congenital vertical talus (CVT) have a common aetiology? In: Bensahel
  15. (2008). Extra space casting technique in clubfoot: 20 years of experience. In: Bensahel
  16. (2000). Functional results of surgical treatment in congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot): a comparison of outcome measurements. doi
  17. (2008). Gait analysis of children treated for clubfoot with physical therapy or the Ponseti cast technique. JBJS doi
  18. (2007). History of the functional method for conservative treatment of clubfoot. doi
  19. Leg muscle atrophy in idiopathic congenital clubfoot: is it primitive or acquired? doi
  20. (2003). Long-term comparative results in patients with congenital clubfoot treated with two different protocols. JBJS
  21. (2006). Long-term follow up of patients with clubfeet treated with extensive soft-tissue release. JBJS doi
  22. (2008). Long-term results of extensive surgical dissection in the treatment of congenital clubfoot. Acta Orthopaedica Traumatologica Turcica doi
  23. (2008). Multidisciplinary management of clubfeet using the Ponseti method in a district general hospital setting. doi
  24. (2002). Outcome of antenatally diagnosed talipes equinovarus in an unselected obstetric population. Ultrasound Obstetric Gynaecology doi
  25. (2008). Polygenic threshold model with sex dimorphism in clubfoot inheritance: the Carter effect. JBJS doi
  26. (2007). Ponseti treatment in the management of clubfoot deformity – a continuing role for paediatric orthopaedic services in secondary care centres. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England doi
  27. (1992). Problems in surgical treatment of congenital clubfoot.
  28. (2007). Radiographic evaluation of idiopathic clubfeet undergoing Ponseti treatment. JBJS doi
  29. (2009). Resource utilization in clubfoot management. Clin Orthopaedic Rel Res doi
  30. (2008). Review of ischemic necrosis following clubfoot surgery with case of retained primitive arterial rete. In: Bensahel
  31. (2008). Rocker bottom deformity: a complication of idiopathic congenital clubfoot conservative treatment. In: Bensahel doi
  32. (1991). Seasonal variation in the incidence of congenital talipes equinovarus.
  33. (2007). Sedation protocols for Ponseti clubfoot Achilles tenotomy. doi
  34. (1964). Talipes equinovarus: a review of eighty-four cases after completion of treatment.
  35. (2009). The association between idiopathic clubfoot and increased internal hip rotation. Clin Orthopaedic Rel Res doi
  36. (1985). The results of early posterior release in resistant club feet. JBJS doi
  37. (1988). The role of major gene in clubfoot.
  38. (2002). Treatment of congenital clubfoot with the Ponseti method. Acta Orthopaedica Traumatologica Turcica, doi
  39. (2006). Treatment of idiopathic clubfoot using the Ponseti method. JBJS

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.