1. The influence of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP), cylic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) and theophylline on renin secretion was examined in the isolated kidney of the rat perfused with Krebs dextran solution. 2. Neither cyclic AMP (10(-6) to 10(-4) M) nor dibytyryl cyclic AMP (10(-5) M) produced an increase in renin secretion. 3. Cyclic GMP and 8 Br-cyclic GMP caused a small rise in renin secretion in some experiments but this effect was independent of the dose and its physiological significance is uncertain. 4. Theophylline (10(-6) to 10(14) M) caused a significant elevation in renin secretion which was not blocked by (+)-propranolol. Theophylline with cyclic AMP or cyclic GMP did not produce an amplified effect. 5. Despite previous suggestions that cyclic AMP stimulated renin secretion, this could not be confirmed in the present preparation. Since there is no evidence that cyclic AMP or cyclic GMP (or their derivatives, dibutyryl cyclic AMP and 8 Br-cyclic GMP) enter the cells, it will be necessary to study their activity in isolated juxtaglomerular cells to define a possible role
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