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Ca2+ and K+ (BK) channels in chick hair cells are clustered and colocalized with apical–basal and tonotopic gradients

By Haresha Samaranayake, James C Saunders, Mark I Greene and Dhasakumar S Navaratnam

Abstract

Electrical resonance is a mechanism used by birds and many vertebrates to discriminate between frequencies of sound, and occurs when the intrinsic oscillation in the membrane potential of a specific hair cell corresponds to a specific stimulus sound frequency. This intrinsic oscillation results from an interplay between an inward Ca2+ current and the resultant activation of a hyperpolarizing Ca2+-activated K+ current. These channels are predicted to lie in close proximity owing to the fast oscillation in membrane potential. The interplay of these channels is widespread in the nervous system, where they perform numerous roles including the control of synaptic release, burst frequency and circadian rhythm generation. Here, we used confocal microscopy to show that these two ion channels are clustered and colocalized in the chick hair cell membrane. The majority of Ca2+ channels were colocalized while the proportion of colocalized BK channels was markedly less. In addition, we report both an apical–basal gradient of these clusters in individual hair cells, as well as a gradient in the number of clusters between hair cells along the tonotopic axis. These results give physical confirmation of previous predictions. Since the proportion of colocalized channels was a constant function of Ca2+ channels, and not of BK channels, these results suggest that their colocalization is determined by the former. The molecular mechanisms underpinning their clustering and colocalization are likely to be common to other neuronal cells

Topics: Rapid Reports
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1665200
Provided by: PubMed Central
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