The goal of the PhD program was to develop innovative X-ray optic elements based on the modified replication technology. The X-ray reflecting foils and the square mirror cells represent the basic elements required for the construction of the one- and two-dimensional X-ray optics of the Lobster Eye type. The development of the double-sided X-ray reflecting foils was supported by the grant of the US-Czech Science and Technology Program, Project No. 93037 (1993 - 1996). The PhD work has been carried out in the laboratories of the Department of Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University, Faculty of Nuclear Science, in collaboration with the Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the CR in Ondrejov. The prototypes of the Lobster Eye X-ray objectives have been developed in collaboration with the Optical Development Workshop of the Academy of Sciences of the CR in Trutnov. The main goal of the PhD dissertation was to develop and to test both in optical light as well as in X-rays the optical assembly of the wide-field space telescope for monitoring of X-ray transients of astrophysical origin. In addition, the results of the Czech-UK research project for the development of a microfocussing X-ray objective for compact laboratory microsources (25 W Cu-40 kV) are outlined. The device is considered for the International Space Station (ISS).Available from STL Prague, CZ / NTK - National Technical LibrarySIGLECZCzech Republi
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