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Interleukin-2 and interferon-gamma recruit different subsets of human peripheral blood monocytes to secrete interleukin-1 beta and tumour necrosis factor-alpha.

By F Herrmann, G Gebauer, A Lindemann, M Brach and R Mertelsmann


Exposure of cultured human peripheral blood monocytes (PBMO) to interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) enhances surface expression of the p55 subunit of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R). Addition of IL-2 to IFN-gamma treated monocytes will stimulate subsequent release of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) due to enhancement of the transcriptional rate and stability of mRNA accumulation of both genes. The present study was aimed to investigate whether IFN-gamma and IL-2 will favour the release of IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha by different subsets of human PBMO. To this end PBMO were separated into four fractions with densities ranging from 1.058 to 1.075 kg/l by means of discontinuous bovine serum albumin (BSA) gradient centrigugation. Following incubation of monocyte subsets in the presence or absence of IFN-gamma and IL-2 for a culture period of 24-48 h, cell-free culture supernatants were collected and assayed for IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha activity by ELISA. Surface p55 IL-2R expression was detected by CD25 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) anti-IL-2R1 using immunofluorescence analysis. Although IL-2R1 expressing PBMO were equally distributed among the four fractions, IL-1 beta secretion was found to reside mainly in the most dense fraction. The major TNF-alpha activity was detected, however, in supernatants obtained from cultures of PBMO with densities of 1.065-1.075 kg/l. These data demonstrate functional heterogeneity of subsets of human PBMO with respect to their capacity to produce distinct cytokines

Topics: Research Article
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1541917
Provided by: PubMed Central
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