Genetic structure and origin of Busseola fusca populations in Cameroon


The cereal stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a species endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. It is a major pest of maize and cultivated sorghum, the main cereal crops on the African mainland. Previous studies using mitochondrial markers revealed the presence of three clades of haplotypes (W, KI, KII) among B. fusca populations. Previous preliminary studies based on a few B. fusca individuals collected from three localities within the Guineo-Congolian rain forest in Cameroon demonstrated a matching with clade KII, a fairly surprising result because the putative centre of origin of that clade is located 3 similar to 000 similar to km away in East Africa. To check this finding, 120 individuals of B. fusca covering several Cameroonian sites belonging to both Guineo-Congolian rain forest and Afromontane vegetation mosaics were collected. Comparison of cytochrome b sequences using the same marker revealed low mitochondrial diversity (h similar to=similar to 0.483 similar to+/-similar to 0.054, p similar to=similar to 0.073 similar to+/-similar to 0.061%). Moreover, molecular diversity in the Guineo-Congolian rain forest zone was lower than that in Afromontane vegetation, which is therefore thought to be the likely starting point for the colonization of other zones in Cameroon. The study showed a moderate but significant structuring between populations (FST similar to=similar to 0.034, P<0.001) as well as within and among the two Cameroonian phytogeographical groups considered (FSC similar to=similar to 0.000 and FCT similar to=similar to 0.051, respectively, both P<0.001). Nested clade phylogeographic analysis indicated that all Cameroonian clades with significant geographical associations were interpreted as a phenomenon of contiguous range expansion. All results suggest that the Cameroonian population of B. fusca is relatively recent and originates from the recent geographical expansion of clade KII

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Last time updated on June 14, 2016

This paper was published in Horizon / Pleins textes.

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